Already with the past tense?
The course is great so far, in fact - it's excellent! A bit of an odd place to start the past tense verbs, seeing as some people will still be learning the present tense.
Why not iuvenis in Novi Eboraci natus est?
"Natus est" will be the only past tense you will see in a while, don't worry. For now, just treat "natus" like any other adjective.
Novi Eboraci is in the locative case. This is a special case which indicates a location used for cities.
Some general rules:
- -us and -um become -i: Novum Eboracum -> Novi Eboraci / Corinthus -> Corinthi
- -a becomes -ae: Roma -> Romae
While I do appreciate the massive effort that all the contributors must have put put into this course, noone should follow the pronunciation patterns of the lady whose voice is in this recording (and in others), I'm afraid. Her strong American accent is not at all in line with what researchers believe spoken Latin sounded like. Her intonation is quite good, though.
I believe it must be quite a challenge for English native speakers to not diphthongise any vowel in sight. I don't mind, and I presume as the language of a large and quickly expanding empire Latin was used to all kinds of treatment. ;)
(Explanation: natus/nata est is a perfect active participle of the verb nāscor 'I am born', that's why it's was born).