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  5. "The young man lives in Rome."

"The young man lives in Rome."

Translation:Iuvenis Romae habitat.

August 28, 2019



What is the difference between luvenis and luvenes? Is the latter a varient that I'm not catching on to or is the former the only correct spelling ?


Firstly, the word is 'iuvenis', not 'luvenis'. In answer to your question: iuvenis is the nominative and genitive singular; iuvenes is the nominative and accusative plural. I think iuvenis (pronounced with a long i at the end) can also be accusative plural, but I'm not sure about that one.


How do you know what nominative, accusative plural or genitive singulars are? Can you link a website where I can learn.

Also I assume genitive is gender and nominative is to do with names?

I hate to admit it, but learning Latin has showed how weak my English is. I didn't even know what a noun was until I searched it myself....


I actually learnt most of my Latin grammar from "Latin for Beginners", by Benjamin D'Ooge, which has some useful inflection tables in the appendices. You should be able to download it from https://www.textkit.com/ or, if you don't fancy searching through the scanned pages of an ancient textbook, you could try the Cambridge Latin Course (https://www.clc.cambridgescp.com/books/book-i).

You may want to check the meanings of all the cases, since unfortunately neither of your assumptions was correct. Using the genitive case is essentially like putting the word "of" in front of a noun in English, and the nominative is used to mark the subject - the noun doing the action described by the verb. English pronouns kind of use these cases: "I" is nominative and "my" is the genitive of the same word ("me" is best labelled as the accusative); similarly, "he" is nominative while "his" is genitive (and "him" is accusative"). D'Ooge explains it better.


Thanks for the resources!


From which declension is the word iuvenis?, I just know that the first is whit -a, and the second is whit -us -um and -er


Can Juvenis (using J) be acceptable and not counted as a typo? What do you think?


I would consider it a typo considering that the latin alphabet does not include a j much like how it does not contain a w


Does word order matter - I cannot see any pattern here.


Word order does matter; just not in the same way as in English.

Generally, use SOV (subject - indirect object - direct object - verb). (Here, the locative ("Romae") goes in the middle.) When using a form of esse (to be), it can be better to put the verb between the subject and its complement.

Because the case endings identify the subject/object/etc, you can change the word order; just don't do it randomly. If you want to emphasise a particular word, you should move it to the front of the sentence* (or, for slightly less emphasis, to the very end of the sentence). Alternatively, if it is an adjective, simply put it in front of its noun.

* For this reason, I believe, the verb moves to the front in an imperative sentence (a command) or a polar (yes/no) question.

bas sake buxbeze sabeDev


that's because of the cases


Why "Romae habitant" and not "in Romae habitant"?


It's the locative case, I think, used with names of cities, amongst a few other nouns, to express location. Hence, 'Romae' already means 'in Rome'.

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