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  5. "Panis decem nummis constat."

"Panis decem nummis constat."

Translation:The bread costs ten coins.

August 28, 2019



Khajit has ware if you have coin


Why is nummus in the dative/ablative case instead of the accusative case?


It's apparently the ablative. Found another example on Wiktionary using it: multō sanguine victōria nōbīs cōnstitit. (The victory cost us much blood.)

Allen and Greenough on consto and the ablative: http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/latin/ablative-source-and-material


They're using nummus in a really unusual position here, where actual Roman currency like the sestertius (which everyone who's read Asterix knows) and the denarius (which everyone who knows Christian history knows) would fit better. The as is less known, of course. And we could learn about Juno, who rules the coins.

Iuno nummos regit.



The i's here are incorrectly pronounced as long. They should be short.


They use the short pronunciation at this point. Don't know what it was before.


Is there any way one can know if it's 'the' or just bread in general?


The female voice is hard to hear at times. The male is always clearer


Is Panis in the genitive singular here? If so, why?


Panis is the form for both Nominative Singular and Genitive Singular. From context it is clear that it is subject, so Nominative.


Does the verb "consto" really mean "cost"? I thought that the actual meaning was "consist" or "establish".


Well, it makes more sense if you take into account the actual pronunciation rules. Apparently (take this with a grain of salt, because I'm still trying to research this), final m (like in crustulum or imperium) or nasal consonants followed by a fricative (so -nf or -ns) would nasalize and elongate the preceding vowels. So constat would be pronounced with the n "fusing" with the o, making it a longer vowel but with a nasal quality. Romance languages eventually dropped the nasalization altogether, which is why in Spanish, we have the word "costar".

Read up on William Sydney Allen's "Vox Latina" and look up "Classical Latin Vowel Nasalization" if you want to read more on it.


In the audio ''decem'' sounds like ''de hem'' which doesn't make sense. I used the keyboard instead of the tiles.


Why not "The bread costs ten cents?"


What are the numbers with the up and down buttons on the bottom left of the comments?


That's upvotes and downvotes.

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