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  5. "She lives in Philadelphia."

"She lives in Philadelphia."

Translation:Ea Philadelphiae habitat.

August 29, 2019



The Ea is unnecessary, the personal pronoun is only used in Latin if you want to stress it, in other cases (like here) the ending of the verb does the trick alone.


No, without the ea we wouldn't know if it's he or she or even it.


But in authentic Latin, often you don't know he/she/it without examining the surrounding context. (And the need to know that information is an English need, not a Latin one.) By that reasoning, we need to always write "is" when the subject is "he" -- which certainly isn't the situation in Latin texts.


No we don't. When you get Latin to English, the ea is there to tell you she, but when going from English to Latin you can omit the ea.


It sounds like we agree that "Philadelphiae habitat" should be a correct answer??


Yes, of course. I'm sorry I wasn't clearer earlier. If it was rejected you need to use the Report Button.


why isn't "ea in philadelphia habitat" correct?


Because Philadelphia is a city, and thus has a locative form. It's just a guess, but I assume that Romans used locative forms whenever they existed unless they were going for some sort of effect, so we might as well too? Anyways, Philadelphiae = locative form of Philadelphia


I chose "Ea Philadelphiae habitant" as my answer and I understand why it's a correct option, but shouldn't "Philadelphia illa habitat" also be accepted? An ablative without a preposition can be translated with an "in."


ea shouldn't be used since it's like most moder romance languages where the pronoun is omitted


It's not wrong to use it. It's optional.


Alright everyone, I have a question.... What is the use of "mea" in sentences? Please answer if you know!


My (feminine thing). E.g. familia mea = my family, filia mea = my daughter


Annoying how Philadelphia is right sometimes and Philadelphiae is wrong . And other way around. Havent explained well when one is correct and the other isn't. It seems to have a vague rule. You can help the learning of this to be better.



"Philadelphia" is the nominative form (used mostly for subjects)

"Philadelphiae" is the locative form. Locative is a case which exists only for the names of cities and small islands (+ a handful of common nouns such as "domus") when talking about a location where the "action" is taking place without movement.

Here are examples:

  • Philadelphia is a city => "Philadelphia" is the subject => We use the nominative case for it ("Philadelphia") => Philadelphia est urbs
  • She lives in Philadelphia => "Philadelphia" is a city where the action is taking place without movement => We use the locative case for it ("Philadelphiae") => Philadelphiae habitat


Shouldn't in Philadelphia also work here?

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