I wrote "The healthy professor is making wine". I am unable to understand how the endings change the meaning. Can anyone explain how the Latin sentence works ?
So, in Latin, there are 5 main cases* (and a couple more rare ones). They are nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative. Nominative is used mostly for subject and predicate nominative. Genitive is used to show possession. Dative, usually translated with "to/for", is used for indirect object and some other things. Accusative is used mainly for direct object and object of a preposition. Ablative is kind of a catch all case that can do a lot of things.
For more information, look here: http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/latin/case-endings-five-declensions
In this sentence, the healthy professor is in the accusative, so he must be the direct object. Vinum can be nominative or accusative, but because professor is already the direct object, Vinum is probably the subject.
Thanks for explaining. So, in this sentence are both professorem and sanum in accusative or only one of them is ?
Why is "vinum" in the accusative case here ? It definitely should be a nominative according to me.