sum = I am, est = he/she/it is;
Present tense of "to be" "esse":
sum = I am, es = you are, est = he/she/it is, sumus = we are, estis = you are, sunt = they are
Many thanks for this
what are the rules for the position of est in a sentence?
Why is it before the object here, but when saying somone is, for instance, "in the city" it comes after "urbe"?
With macrons (cf. Wiktionary):
Livia est fēmina.
You are quite right, though be aware that also the name is long: Līvia. Your point still stands, though.
What's the difference between "sum" and "est"?
Sum is for I, and Est is for she, he, it.
I thought the verb always comes at the end of the sentence.
Is it also possible to say livia femina est?
Where should the 'est' be in this sentence?