They're more like distant relatives than cognates. Cognates are when words in two languages are both similar in spelling and in meaning. For example, computer in English and computadora in Spanish.
I rather like that it just started using substantive adjectives. I'm doing this on a phone so maybe it explained in the web version, but... Or if the vote, it starts to make sense here. Is that the case for anyone who hasn't had this language in another setting?