Does the latin sentence mean "How many students are in the city?" or "How many students are there in the city?" ?
I'd also want to say ''How many students are there in the city?'' , so would the Latin be different for this sentence?
It's the same thing. It's possible putting the verb earlier "Quot discipuli sunt in urbe?" would put subtle emphasis on the existential nature of the question.
Please define for me:
And if there are any other endings
Those are the different declensions. Here's a chart:
Wouldn't discipulae be correct also? i.e. female students
Superficially, yes, if you mean to specifically ask how many female students there are. Pragmatically, since the masculine plural incorporates both male and female students, the broad question should be in the masculine.
I must be mistaken. I had thought 'urbe' also means town. Is there a nuance to it that I am missing?