In this case, a Spanish word taken directly from Latin, i. e., a word that does not descend from Latin by a popular way, with regular phonetic changes. For instance, Latin auricula gave regularly the Spanish oreja (English 'ear', French oreille); this is a patrimonial word. However, there is also a cultism taken from auricula, aurícula (English 'atrium', French oreillette). The two words, oreja y aurícula, conform a doublet.
The Latin verb inebriare means “to make drunk”, and inebriatus is the perfect passive participle “having been made drunk” (= “drunk”). ebrius is just “drunk”, without the connotation of having been made drunk.
"Absumat ebria sitientem" -- is that actually from a Latin author ?? -- I think it could be construed thusly, based on alternate/secondary meanings in my Latin dictionary at hand: "A woman intoxicated (e.g. by passionate desire) ruins a man longing greatly (e.g. for her)." That's the story line in a great song from a few years back by the great Mexican rock band Maná, on the theme of "amor prohibido". Song title: "Sor Maria" -- situation: centuries ago, a girl locked up in a convent (probably an illegitimate royal daughter) gets mutually enamored with a priest ministering to the convent, and eventually they get discovered in "pecado capital" and are gunned down trying to escape -- there's more than that to the story, such as a period of anguished yearning preceeding the denoument -- translating some of the lyrics from Spanish: "a woman enamored, decisive, astounds the air, the universe, and reason -- if the light enters in the water, it forgets the sky/heaven, it goes with a dream on the skin ..." -- the context of the rest of the song clarifies (at least for me) some allusions there that may seem strange, taken out of context --
Aha !! Well, thanks -- So I googled "absumat ebria sitientem" and found it's in Deuteronomy 29.19 in the Vulgate -- also perused that together with corresponding Septuagint/LXX and Hebrew versions online -- I'm guessing this may be a famous vexed passage -- KJV renders it "... to add drunkenness to thirst" - New RSV has "... (thus bringing disaster on moist and dry alike)" - LXX seems pretty far from the Hebrew, but the Greek there looks pretty straightforward, compared to the Vulgate Latin -- "absumat" must be 3rd cnjg. pres. subj., "ebria" could be fem. sng. nominative or neut. pl. accusative, "sitientem" could be masc. or fem. sng. accusative -- subject of "absumat" is a chain of antecedents through prior clauses (in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew all three) back to ". . . a man or a woman, a family or tribe ... " -- Google also turns up assorted relevant commentary -- there does seem to be a general drift of "absumat ebria sitientem" that makes sense in the context of the several preceding and following verses --
Yes, but it's not "woman" in the Bible text. Moises makes a speech to the Hebrews, about people (men or/and women) who hear the content of the oath, but think they are saved, even if they continue to sin. Moises says:
Context (just before the sentence):
[because when such a person hears the words of this oath, he may invoke a blessing on himself, saying: "I will have peace, even though I walk in the stubbornness of my own heart.]
Translations found of the sentence:
to sweep away the drunken with the thirsty.
to destroy the moist with the dry:
to add drunkenness to thirst.
(I go on, in order) to end the fulness with the thirst.
should not be destroyed together with the sinner, the sinless. (literal translation from Hebrew)
This will bring disaster on the watered land as well as the dry.
Well, for what it's worth, re the translation J.C.M.H. suggested earlier in this thread -- taking "absūmat ēbria sitientem" as an isolated clause (away from its context in Deut 29) and puzzling over how to parse it, the verb "absūmat" is 3rd person singular present subjunctive, and if one of the other two words is explicitly the subject of that verb it would have to be "ēbria" construed as feminine singular because "sitientem" is an accusative form, and although "ēbria" can also be construed as neuter plural nominative or accusative, neither could be the subject of a 3rd-person verb -- which leaves us with "ēbria" representing some entity with feminine grammatical gender doing the action of "absūmere" on a direct object represented by the accusative form "sitientem" whose grammatical gender can be either masculine or feminine -- all this per grammar reference sources, dictionaries, etc. -- so JCMH's "the drunk woman corrupts the thirsting one" sort of fits all that, though I would sooner choose "wastes" or "destroys" from among the dictionary meanings of "absūmere", and also since "absūmat" is subjunctive rather than indicative, some kind of conditionality is expressed, such as result, purpose, circumstance, e.g. "may destroy" -- but back with Deuteronomy 29, the corresponding Greek clause ( ἵνα μὴ συναπολέσῃ ὁ ἁμαρτωλὸς τὸν ἀναμάρτητον ) from the Septuagint translation (supposedly done by Jewish scholars in Alexandria, Egypt during the 3rd century B.C.E.) seems to me much more straightforward syntactically and semantically than the Latin Vulgate (four or five centuries later), and with no reference to wet/dry drunk/sober etc. -- I won't get into that unless someone asks about it, my Greek is very rusty and my Hebrew has never been better than very weak --
I think, it's the figurative meaning that is important here, not the fact to be dry/wet. It's a parable, that was understood by Jewish culture, but not by the other cultures, so they needed to translate the parable's idea with other words. But thank you for the grammar explanation!
When you'll be good enough in the language, do not hesitate to help Google Latin here, they are very bad also because they don't have enough contributors: https://translate.google.com/community?source=mfooter