This course is in Beta, meaning it is understood that some tweaking is required to get the flow of teaching better ordered.
"In urbe" and "domi" were introduced very early, as 'set phrases', to make the sentences more interesting from the start.
This phrase is in the same vein, but where the basic theme is to introduce, and to get students confident in the recognition of and the use of the Accusative, there does seem to be a lot of casual dropping in of the Dative and Ablative, before they have been introduced and discussed.
Personally, I try never to socialize with cases to whom I have not been given a formal introduction. ;)
In + libro.
Libro is ablative.
In + ablative = means that you have a static presence. There's no move.
It cannot be locative, because locative is only for cities (cities/towns, small islands, and a few words like domus, rus, and humus)
And the locative never has "in". It's already included inside.
It's a feminine noun ending in o. (but rather here in "tio".
Words ending in "tio" are feminine (I don't know the exceptions)
If you speak French, all "tion" nouns are feminine nouns. They kept their Latin gender from Latin into French. La libération feminine, Latin liberatio, feminine.
It can be a memorization trick.
It's the same for instance with Spanish and the "ción" that is a feminine ending.
Here "leçon" (old form leson) is an exception, normally, it's a "tion" ending.
Lectio should have made "lection" in French and English, but it became "leson/leçon" in old French, and was borrowed in English under this form.
Almost all the English words ending with -tion are from French (a few exception, like starvation, and modern neologisms), and usually the -tion word in French are from Latin, but not always. (sometimes you can have a "tion" words that came through old French or French and doesn't exist in Latin in the "tio" form, for instance "aviation".)
To remember it's feminine, you can picture yourself a girl reading a lesson, or remember this expression "lectio divina", and you won't forget again it's feminine.
Look at the nominative lectio. It's a SOX word. That is to say it ends in S, O or X. (O in this case obviously.) In the 3rd declension, which this is, and the 3rd is by far the largest declension, SOX words tend to be feminine.
Lectio doesn't mean "chapter" by the way. According to my Oxford Latin Dictionary it's:
- The action of gathering
- The action of picking, choosing, selecting
- A reading, perusal
- That which is read, reading-matter; a passage in a book, text; (pl. as the title of a book) readings.
As a further clarification, lectio is a feminine noun, 3rd declension. The nominative plural is lectiones. The adjective, needing to agree in gender, number and case, needs to be feminine, plural and nominative. Multus, -a, -um is the adjective in question and is multae in the feminine, plural, nominative. Hope that that helps.
You can definitely get the lesson notes on the website. On the app, it might depend whether you're iOS or Android. I don't see it on Android.
Here is a plain-English overview of what the cases are and how they work:
Latin cases, in English
Adjectives must agree in gender, number, and case with the nouns they modify, but they have their own declensions. Sometimes you get lucky and the adjective just happens to follow the same declension as the noun, but that is not a guarantee.