"Surely there are not many states in America?"
Translation:Num multae civitates in America sunt?
When "sum" means "there is/there are" (i.e. when it stands for the existence of something rather than acting as a copula) it tends to come at the front of the sentence.
"Sunt multae civitates in America": There are many cities in America. "Multae civitates in America sunt": Many cities are in America.
There's a fundamentally difference in meaning.
I'm really confused by the use of multi in this sentence. According to the grammar section, "multi" means "many", which is fine. But for endings, they have '-i', '-ae', '-a (plural)'
Given we're talking about multiple states here, shouldn't it by multa rather than multae?
Sorry, grammar makes my head hurt- if anyone has puzzled this out I'd be really grateful!
Civitas is a 3rd declension feminine noun.
Multus is a 1st/2nd declension adjective.
Adjectives agree with nouns in gender, number, and case, but have their own declensions.
I understand how a locative is used, my question is: For example, "iuvenes habitat romae" uses the locative "romae" instead of "in Rome". Because it is referring to Rome as a location. But when dealing with America or California, the say "Iuvenes habitat in America", instead of the locative "Americae". Why?
"America" is feminine
For names of the first and second declension the Latin locative case is only used for the names of cities, "small" islands , not Sicily (in Sicilia) or Britain (in Britannia). Ireland was considered a small island, so to say "in Ireland" in Latin you say Hiberniae . There are rare expressions with names of other declensions where the locative is used: a few nouns that use the locative instead of a preposition: domus becomes domī (at home), rūs becomes rūrī (in the country), humus becomes humī (on the ground).
Yes, Civitas being Kivitas with (i being and ee and not an aye) is well documented. Civitas being quivuitas is less so, even by the link provided by yourself, there is no reason for the ui sound.
(Im responding to this comment because it wouldnt let me respond to the other one)