Translation:How many universities are in Philadelphia?
No, Philadelphia was founded by the Ammonites, and when Alexander conquered the whole thing, it received that name. Alexander died, Seleucus took over, and eventually the Romans conquered it. Eventually, the Saracens came out of Arabia and conquered it from the Eastern Romans, restoring the older name, slightly modified to fit Arabic phonetics, to Amman.
I learn so I will be able to read Latin. I get that different sentences help with understanding grammar, but I don't get the need to make up new words in an ancient language to suit the population of a three hundred year old country. Why not use places in Italy? Or ancient Roman institutions?
This course seems to be suited for people who wish to converse in Latin - but people don't converse in Latin these days! People read Latin texts and legal documents, and in no circumstance do these people need to know transliterations of 'California' or 'New York'.
It seems even in Latin lessons these days, America is firmly placed at the centre of the earth. A place no Latin speaker ever stepped foot...
On the one hand, sure, they should prioritise the contents that were relevant when the language was alive and used as an everyday means of communication. But on the other, I believe it's positive that they're letting us know that Latin keeps in use and evolving, that its area of relevance goes way beyond antiquity, and that it's not the cristalised fossil of the Ancient Romans. Still, I believe that newly coined terms and modern concepts should not be in the initial stages so I guess I agree with you on that.
I think we can say no more than that we simply don't know -- there is no clear evidence one way or the other. Harm Pinkster, professor emeritus of Latin at the University of Amsterdam and a leading Latin grammarian, has written that "we are not able to recover much information about Latin intonation".