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  5. "The girls are in Italy."

"The girls are in Italy."

Translation:Puellae in Italia sunt.

September 1, 2019



Why does Rome have a place declension (Romae) but Italia doesn't? Or was I wrong to assume it was a declension?


Because it's a city.

Similarly, we say "Philadelphiae", but "in America".


why does 'italia' have to stand at the end?


It doesn't. It must* come immediately after 'in', but that 'in' could be anywhere in the sentence, so you could just as validly say 'puellae sunt in Italia' or 'in Italia puellae sunt'.

*even to this rule there are some exceptions, though not worth worrying about at this stage


Why can't we use Italiae sunt


The plural in the sentence is girls, puellæ. 'In Italy' uses the ablative, Italiá.


So unlike Spanish, Portuguese, and most other Romance languages, there is only one verb "to be"? In Spanish, for example, "ser" is used for more permanent states, like stating someone's gender, occupation, nationality, etc. The verb "estar" is for typically temporary states, or actions, such as how someone is feeling, or where someone or something is. Latin doesn't make a similar distinction, it is always "esse"?

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