https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cymelo

Arabic cases

  • 1671

After finishing the tree I discovered that the course does not introduce the cases used in Classical Arabic, though it uses them sometimes when pronouncing the sentences. So, I though to write a short explanation about them.

Classical Arabic has three cases (called الإعراب):

  1. Nominative (مرفوع), used for the subject;

  2. Accusative (منصوب), used for the direct object (and for some other verbal complements);

  3. Genitive (مجرور), used for denoting possession and after prepositions.

Those cases sound differently according to the noun's state: for nouns that are either definite or are in the construct state, the endings are -

Nom: /-u/ ُ, Acc: /-a/ َ, Gen: /-i/ ِ .

Indefinite nouns have the same endings followed by /-n/ -

Nom: /-un/ ٌ , Acc: /-an/ ًا , Gen: /-in/ ٍ .

It must be stressed that these cases occur only with singular nouns and broken plurals. Sound plurals have a different way for displaying cases (the distinction between the suffixes /-uuna/ and /-iina/).

When added to a noun ending with ة, the taa2 marbuuTa will be pronounced as a ت: /-tu(n)/, /-ta(n)/, /-ti(n)/.

And here are some examples:

The pretty book: 2al-kitaabu 2al-jamiilu

A pretty book: kitaabun jamiilun

I read the book: qara2tu 2al-kitaaba

I read a book: qara2tu kitaaban

On the book: 3alaa 2al-kitaabi

On a book: 3alaa kitaabin

These are only the basics, there are more details regarding the cases’ uses and how they may manifest on nouns.

Hope it helped!

September 2, 2019

15 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Koshhraiso

Very clear and concise explaining of cases! It helps greatly شكرا

September 2, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cymelo
  • 1671

Thanks :)

September 2, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/UniqueSpirit

Haven't it's been a couple of months since Arabic was added and you have already completed the tree? That's impressive!

September 2, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cymelo
  • 1671

Well, I’ve already studied Arabic in the past, so I just tested out most of the tree

September 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RobertYoun587864

Well done. I have nothing but admiration for you. I hope to do the same.

September 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/VictorDani821758

Shukraan.

September 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/msmarko

This is great. The people in this community are so cool.

September 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zakaria915699

Gender-conjugations not to forget! Just to make it a bit more complicated.

September 2, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/matfran2001

Thanks!!! More, please!

September 2, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zakaria915699

Are you kiddin me? Well here we go. A blue car - sayaratu zarqau - سيارة زرقاء. (Car is feminine ) but, A blue book - kitaab azraq - كتاب أزرق

September 2, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/raynoor

Ah yes I remember reading that in my grammar book! Arabic loves rearrangin' sounds :P

September 8, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zakaria915699

Well, actually this is not a matter of re-arranging sounds. It's about different gender-casus (case's). The color of yellow for example: Asfar (masc) and safra (feminin)

September 8, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ilan_Gamburg

How can this course NOT teach what cases in Arabic are?

September 8, 2019
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