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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cymelo

Arabic cases

  • 2315

After finishing the tree I discovered that the course does not introduce the cases used in Classical Arabic, though it uses them sometimes when pronouncing the sentences. So, I though to write a short explanation about them.

Classical Arabic has three cases (called الإعراب):

  1. Nominative (مرفوع), used for the subject;

  2. Accusative (منصوب), used for the direct object (and for some other verbal complements);

  3. Genitive (مجرور), used for denoting possession and after prepositions.

Those cases sound differently according to the noun's state: for nouns that are either definite or are in the construct state, the endings are -

Nom: /-u/ ُ, Acc: /-a/ َ, Gen: /-i/ ِ .

Indefinite nouns have the same endings followed by /-n/ -

Nom: /-un/ ٌ , Acc: /-an/ ًا , Gen: /-in/ ٍ .

It must be stressed that these cases occur only with singular nouns and broken plurals. Sound plurals have a different way for displaying cases (the distinction between the suffixes /-uuna/ and /-iina/).

When added to a noun ending with ة, the taa2 marbuuTa will be pronounced as a ت: /-tu(n)/, /-ta(n)/, /-ti(n)/.

And here are some examples:

The pretty book: 2al-kitaabu 2al-jamiilu

A pretty book: kitaabun jamiilun

I read the book: qara2tu 2al-kitaaba

I read a book: qara2tu kitaaban

On the book: 3alaa 2al-kitaabi

On a book: 3alaa kitaabin

These are only the basics, there are more details regarding the cases’ uses and how they may manifest on nouns.

Hope it helped!

September 2, 2019

16 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Koshhraiso

Very clear and concise explaining of cases! It helps greatly شكرا


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/UniqueSpirit

Haven't it's been a couple of months since Arabic was added and you have already completed the tree? That's impressive!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cymelo
  • 2315

Well, I’ve already studied Arabic in the past, so I just tested out most of the tree


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RobertYoun587864

Well done. I have nothing but admiration for you. I hope to do the same.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/msmarko

This is great. The people in this community are so cool.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cogitos

How can this course NOT teach what cases in Arabic are?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zakaria915699

Gender-conjugations not to forget! Just to make it a bit more complicated.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/matfran2001

Thanks!!! More, please!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zakaria915699

Are you kiddin me? Well here we go. A blue car - sayaratu zarqau - سيارة زرقاء. (Car is feminine ) but, A blue book - kitaab azraq - كتاب أزرق


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/raynoor

Ah yes I remember reading that in my grammar book! Arabic loves rearrangin' sounds :P


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zakaria915699

Well, actually this is not a matter of re-arranging sounds. It's about different gender-casus (case's). The color of yellow for example: Asfar (masc) and safra (feminin)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DavidHarri227108

Just to fix a small problem here, it should be sayaratun zarqa2u. (The noun has nunation, and there's a glottal stop at the end of the adjective.) Otherwise, great and useful info on this thread! Thanks, all!

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