The person who reads this, is clearly amongst the better qualified. His vowels are monophthongs, long and short vowels generally have the same quality, and he pays attention to both consonant and vowel quantity. In other words, listening to him, we can expect to hear the difference between anus, ānus, and annus. Κῦδος is well deserved.
Actually, not entirely. The paedagōgus was the slave who taught the children, yes, and he could be very strict as well; but he was also tasked with taking the children to the grammaticus (note: only short vowels), and had a special responsibility in making sure none of the kids were taken advantage of on their way there.
A grammaticus was a teacher one step up. He was paid, though usually poorly, so I suppose the problem of teachers not getting their due is an old one.
Further, it was not uncommon for rich families to get a private tutor, who could very well be paid (pretty fairly if my memory serves me well), especially to teach the boys the finer arts of Roman political life, such as oratory; this would (again, as I remember – I cannot take the time to check my sources now) be the education one received after what we would call secondary school.
What do you mean?
It's not a conjugation, conjugations are for verbs only. According to the person of the subject.
Declensions are for nouns, according to the gender of the noun and the grammatical case.
I don't understand if your question is about the verb "est" agreeing with "paedagogo", when there are 2 persons?
If you question is about declensions, "paedagogo" is ablative singular here. Because it's used with the preposition "cum" (with).
There are several possible cases with cum, according to the meaning.
Cum, when it means the cause or expression a concession = CUM + subjonctive
Cum, when expressing times (temporal): CUM + indicative or CUM + subjonctive
Cum, when meaning with (like it's the case here) = CUM + ablative
http://www.dicolatin.com/XY/LAK/0/CUM/index.htm (in French)
It seems always masculine, I don't know what would be the feminine?
If it helps, here are some links I found for Latin prepositions that help with deciding which case of noun is paired with each.
A list with common prepositions:
A much longer list, with some examples:
Wiktionary has ordered links for preposition based on the case that is paired with them:
Why does "cum" always take an object with the ablative case, when an accusative form would be more logical?
It wouldn't be more logical. There is no reason to expect an accusative here at all.
We can generalize that when it comes to prepositional phrases, Accusatives often express motion towards. Ablatives often express location or motion away. Cum is telling you location, so logic would point to Ablative.
Pedagogus/Pedagogi are used in the universitary world. It's rather common to use it in English, I've found, talking about them, in books...
In english the term is now 'pedagogy'
And the meaning now has to do with the educational process of teaching simpler concepts first, then building the more complex concepts onto that knowledge.
Every subject that is taught has its own appropriate pedagogy (order of learning)
That is how the word is used today in English