I have been struggling with possession in my Russian lessons. Any clarification would help.
How do you show possession? [ex. You have, she has, they have, we have.] Like if I were to say, "I have apples." Which words do I include in the sentence.
I have an apple, literally (at/near me there is an Apple) у меня eстb яблоко)
From Tips and notes
I HAVE A CAT
English prefers to express ownership and “possession” with the verb “have”. In Russian “existence” is almost universally used instead (in the official/academic style «иметь» to have is OK to use). Use it like that:
У A есть X ~ by A there is an X → A has an X
The owner is in the Genitive case (more on that later) while X is formally the subject. For now we will only study the Genitive form for some pronouns.
YOU HAVE WONDERFUL EYES!
Omit ”есть” if the existence of the object is obvious or not the point — very typical for describing traits or a number of objects (“Tom has a beautiful smile/large eyes”, “She has a very fat cat”). This also applies to expressing temporary states and illnesses (“She has a migraine”).
ИМЕ́ТЬ «име́ть» is a formal verb for "to have" used in business and official language (у кого-то есть что-то is neutral). However, there are a few set expressions where the verb can be used even in normal speech. «име́ть в виду́» = "to mean". When a person means something, it is what they wanted to say. «име́ть пра́во»/«не име́ть пра́ва» = "to have the/a right to"/ "to have no right to".