Can someone explain the different between: Hast, habt, haben, and all those words that begin with H?
haben - to have
ich habe - I have
du hast - you have
er hat - he has
wir haben - we have
ihr habt - you (plural) have
sie haben - they have
It takes time. Some scholars say dont bother with verb conjugation. But, alas it it important. Why? Because it will help you learn to identify the different verb meanings associated with personal pronouns. Try 10 verbs a week. Build up your knowlege. As of today i am only 22% German. Still along way to go. If you dont learn verb conjugation you will find it harder in the long term. Good luck!
Neutral, masculine - ein, Feminine - eine
but in this case you "have it", so there is a different case (akkuzativ), which inflects articles ein, eine, so:
Neutral: I have ein Buch; Feminine: I have eine Frage; but Masculine: I have einen Mann
Akkusativ only changes for masculine singular. For the others, Nominativ and Akkusativ are the same.
With "Ein Buch habe ich" you emphasize that you have a book and not a newspaper, magazine, sandwich or anything else. By the way "ich" is only with a capital letter at the beginning of the sentence. The courtesy form of you, "Sie", is always capitalized. Odd when you're used to "I" always with a capital letter, and everyone and everything else with lowercase letters ;-)
Weird b thingy = ß ?
If that is what you're talking about, it is the equivalent to a double s = "ss".
To my knowledge, there is no "haße", but ich "hasse" = I hate.
I know that the verb hassen was changed by spelling reform, but I think it was still "ich hasse" before then (feel free to correct me native speakers).
I'm going to make assumptions here, and suggest you check out this site for some of Rammstein's play on words (if you haven't already):
"Ich" is the subject. The subject is the one doing the action. "Buch" is the direct object.
Q - "I have" what?
A - "a book".
F - "Ich habe" was?
A - "ein Buch".
Part 2 - It is "ein" and not "einen" because "Buch" is a neuter noun. The only article that changes between nominative and accusative case are the masculine articles. Have a quick peek/read at this link. Start with that page, then, if you need/want to learn more, hover your mouse over "CASES" in the header and read through all the links. This whole website is a good learning resource to help you with your German (and in my case it helped with English too....I'd never heard of "cases" before).
If you need more help, just ask again.
this was helpful, but im using a phone so i can't follow the link though i want to :(
I honestly don't use the differences it just comes to me by memory so you will get it
In the the exercises, I have seen these two sentences: "Sie hast einen Buch" and "ich habe ein Buch". Shouldn't "ein" become "einen" in both sentences? It is a masculine noun receiving the action of a verb.
I'm still very much confused, but I believe that "hat" is 'has' and "habe/ habt/ hast/ haben" is 'have'. Correct me if I'm wrong
This is correct. Just like English differentiates between "he/she has", but "I/etc. have", verb endings change in German, according to person. It pays off to learn these endings, they will appear in virtually every sentence. Just keep your eyes open, and try to continue in the tree :) You can also check the "Tips Notes" for each section (you might need to open Duolingo on your browser for that).
EDIT: Just saw that an explanation is already right at the top of this discussion. Please make sure to check previous posts before opening a new one, saves everyone's time :)
Can we please once in a while write/type in German, so translating English to German so we learn how to actually spell it better?
It starts off very easy; once you get to higher crown levels (the different colors of an individual skill (circle), you will get harder challenges. Keep at it :)
It sounds to me that Buch sounds like Book and Bucher sounds like Boosher. why does the ch sound change?
Because the plural is not Bucher but rather Bücher.
The vowel sound before the ch has changed.
The pronunciation of ch is different after back vowels (where ch is [x]) and after front vowels (where ch is [ç]).
u is a high back rounded vowel; ü is a high front rounded vowel.