What's the difference between "this bathroom" and "this is the bathroom" ?
So the Turkish bath "hammam" means just "bathroom"?
Yes, the English word hammam comes from the Arabic word for 'bathroom'
how do you say: this bathroom
This bathroom = هٰذَا الحَمّام
Are we allowed to leave personal messages here?
I just followed you. In your note it says you are fond of languages. There is a typo: it says found:)
introducing the bathroom
I'm having trouble differentiating ٰ from ا. Do they literally sound the same? Or is it Duolingo's fault? Or maybe my hearing is just bad?
Yes, from what I understand (not a native speaker) they sound the same. There is a third letter that sounds the same, ى, found only at the end of words.
Would this sound OK in Arabic? I find it strangely unidiomatic in English (you would
say either "this is the bathroom", or "this is one of the bathrooms", or "this is your bathroom",
depending on context).
Or if someone has come from a very different culture, they just might need an introduction of the purpose and function of the different items in the room. It happens.
Bathroom and toilet should have been accepted for hammam, right?
This is a bathroom.
Adding ال is adding "is a" into the sentence for those who still don't understand.
I mean Adding ال removes the "is a/an".