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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kuyaC

Indonesian direct/indirect objects?

Hello, I'm still a bit confused on how to use this word.

Taking for example the word mengajarkan/to teach, I don't see what is the direct object, and what is the indirect object.

Guru mengajar kimia.
The teacher teaches chemistry.
Here I'm quite sure that chemistry is the direct object in both sentences.

Guru mengajar kimia kepada siswanya.
Guru mengajar siswanya kimia.
The teacher teaches his student chemistry.
In all 3 sentences^, chemistry is the direct object, and his student the indirect object, if I'm right.

Guru mengajar siswanya.
The teacher teaches his student.
Here, is the student a direct or indirect object?

To me, it looks like if in the last example another verb is used, with the same spelling and similar meaning.

September 12, 2019

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WayangOrang

Taking for example the word mengajarkan/to teach ...

BTW...all your examples are with "mengajar" instead of "mengajarkan".
Anyway, in all these sentences the verb is followed directly by the object, S-P-O (Subject-Predicate-Object).

Guru mengajar kimia.

kimia = direct object

Guru mengajar kimia kepada siswanya.

kimia = direct object

Guru mengajar siswanya kimia.

siswanya = direct object

Guru mengajar siswanya.

siswanya = direct object

You can check by making the sentences passive.
The direct object becomes the subject in the passive sentence.
Like this :

Guru mengajar kimia.
Kimia diajar oleh guru.

Guru mengajar kimia kepada siswanya.
Kimia diajar kepada siswanya oleh guru.

Guru mengajar siswanya kimia.
Siswanya diajar kimia oleh guru.

Guru mengajar siswanya.
Siswanya diajar oleh guru.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kuyaC

In this sentence: Guru mengajar siswanya kimia. where you said "siswanya" is the direct object, what is "kimia"? I can't see it as an indirect object, because it is not the receiver of an action. And I didn't notice that with "mengajar" and "mengajarkan". So are those two different verbs then? Thanks for the reply :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DanielVanD18

It is the direct object. The student is the one being taught.

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