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  5. "The boy studies literature."

"The boy studies literature."

Translation:Puer litteris studet.

September 15, 2019



Why is the ablative or dative plural used here as opposed to the accusative plural?? I assume plural since the singular would be on letter as in 'b'. ??


Unlike what PERCE_NEIGE said, it's not an exception. It's simply a matter of the semantics of the verb studere. It doesn't actually literally mean "to study". It literally means "to dedicate oneself to". The fact that it's "dedicate [oneself] to" (as opposed to just "dedicate") means that it must call for an indirect (ie, dative) object as opposed to a direct (accusative) object. The accusative element, "oneself", is baked right into the verb, so no direct object is necessary, and only an indirect object is required. Hence, the dative case.


Because the verb is "studere", and that's a tricky exception.

Studere + dative



Some verbs take the dative. So also praeponere, credere; impersonal verbs such as licet (licet non mihi, "I'm not allowed" or lit. "it's not permitted to me"); compounds of sum such as podest. Some verbs take the genitive, e.g., misereor.


Is the Latin word for literature only used in plural?


Yes, in the singular form it becomes 'letter' (Littera -ae), as in the letters of the alphabet


The reason is because it literally means "letters". Latin literature = Latin letters. Literature is simply the more natural way to say it in English, so that's how it gets translated.


I just reported "litteris puer studet", I think it should be another correct translation.


Every word order are okay in this sentence: just report them, with the button.


Where would I use 'litteras', and why not in this sentence?


'Litteras' would be used in the accusative case. In this sentence, the verb 'studeo' makes the verb's object (litterae) turn to the dative case, which implies in the -is ending. You could make use of a sentence with -as ending in, for example, cōtīdiē tuās litterās exspecto (I expect your letters daily).


why not puer litteras studet

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