"You make a journey from the city."
Translation:Ab urbe iter facis.
Ab urbe is obviously a prepositional phrase that functions adjectivally to describe the noun iter. So how come it precedes the noun? I thought one of Latin's very few strict syntax-rules were that adjectives have to succeed their nouns. Are prepositional phrases an exception from that rule, or is it not a rule at all but rather a matter of preference (like SOV)?
I saw meany sentences here with prepositionals in any positions, it's not the first one.
I've checked in Latin texts, I've found "Ab urbe venio", "Ab urbe venit", and every kind of other equivalents, so I don't think there is such a rule.
I think that "Ab urbe" doesn't function as an adjective, but as an adverbial phrase, as in English. (Even in English, you can move it rather freely)
Where did you read it (by curiosity).
I don't remember where exactly but it was in one of the comments in an earlier lecture on Duolingo.
And I'm not yet convinced that "Ab urbe" is an adverbial phrase here. Of course, prepositional phrases can be adverbs, as in "I come from the city", or "I go to the north", where "to the north" is as much an adverb as "northwards"; however, they can also be adjectives in other situations. For example, "The man from Rome eats". There "from Rome" is like an adjective; we could use the actual adjective Roman instead.
Now, in this sentence, I'm not entirely sure about "Ab urbe". We can make a journey, and we can make a journey from the city. I would say "from the city" is an addition to "journey", and "journey from the city" can thus be treated as a unit, i.e. a noun phrase. If I say "The journey from the city took much time", then the journey from the city is the subject. No one took anything from the city, so the prepositional phrase from the city is not a part of the verb phrase but of the noun phrase.
I understand "Ab urbe iter facis" as "You make a journey, which is from the city.", but again, I'm not a Latin expert. Anyway, be it an adjectival phrase or not, I am much more interested in the concept of syntax. Can adjectives and adjectival phrases also be put before their nouns or only after them? Are there other precedents known where adjectives come before nouns?