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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yamacomur

The sentence structure of "χρειάζομαι" and "Θέλω"

Hey everyone, do you always use the accusative case in these verbs? For instance, what does "I need a beer" and "I want a beer" mean?

October 4, 2019

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/D_..
Mod

    In short, this is how cases work in Greek and how some pronouns in English retain this feature:
    Nominative for the verb subject (e.g. he/she/who) - Αυτός έχει ένα μήλο = He has an apple.
    Genitive shows ownership (e.g. his/her/whose, or of something) - Αυτό είναι το μήλο της Μαρίας = This is Maria's apple. (Nominative: η Μαρία)
    Accusative for the verb subject (e.g. him/her/whom). - Βλέπω τον Πέτρο = I see Peter (him). (Nominative: ο Πέτρος)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yamacomur

    Thank you very much! So I think we use the accusative case in both of these verbs that I mentioned, right?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/spdl79
    Mod
    • 1109

    Yes, that's right. One important thing to remember, though, is that if you follow χρειάζομαι with a verb, as in "να τρέξω", χρειάζομαι changes to the third person singular, ie "χρειάζεται να τρέξω". The meaning changes slightly from "I need..." to something like "It is necessary" (that I run, in this case).

    If you're dealing with nouns, as D_ said, the object of a verb, the thing being affected by the action, takes accusative case.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yamacomur

    Got it, thank you very much!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yamacomur

    Also, can someone tell me when exactly you use the accusative case? In English, there is only one article and it doesn't change at all so Greek cases are a bit confusing to me.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Phil682961

    Does it help if I say that Greek uses the accusative in pretty much the same way as German does?

    For example:

    ich brauche einen Hund

    χρειάζομαι έναν σκύλο

    (One difference is that prepositions in Greek are generally followed by the accusative, whereas many in German are followed by the dative, which no longer really exists in Greek.)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/spdl79
    Mod
    • 1109

    Yes, dative doesn't exist in modern Greek and it's largely been replaced by accusative. Where it does get confusing though, if my understanding is correct, is that for pronouns only, we use genitive for what would have been dative case. So, John gives the ball to George - Ο Γιάννης δίνει την μπάλα στον Γιώργο - both the ball and George are in accusative, that's straightforward enough. But then we'd have Ο Γιάννης του δίνει την μπάλα - George gives the ball to him. There, we use του (genitive) rather than τον (accusative).


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yamacomur

    oh okay then, I'm learning German in school so this might help a bit, thank you so much!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lis113051

    Is there somewhere that explains the uses for Greek grammar as I am totally confused as the rules are not apparent to me ?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yamacomur

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