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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SrgioMeira2

What's the difference between ερυθρός and κόκκινος?

Is it like the difference between γαλάζιος and μπλε, i.e. different shades? Or is it something else? Or are they perfect syonyms (if such a beast exists)?

October 8, 2019

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Phil682961

I think it's a difference of register, like ασπρός and λευκός.

Ασπρός and κόκκινος are the words commonly used in everyday language. By contrast ερυθρός and λευκός are formal and literary, with their everyday use confined to some fixed phrases (e.g. λευκό κρασί, the Λευκός Πύργος in Thessaloniki, Ερυθρός Σταυρός (the Red Cross)).

October 8, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/spdl79
Mod
  • 1110

Yes, exactly. Aside from what you've mentioned, the only place I've ever come across ερυθρός has been on wine bottles :-) Λευκός is commonly still found in place names (as in Λευκά Όρη), plus it made it into English (leukaemia). But that's about it - they're not words that are ever used in everyday speech.

October 8, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Phil682961

And white and red blood cells in biological terminology are leukocytes and erythrocytes :)

October 8, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/John452927

Yes no one really uses the word ερυθρός anymore. The only usage of the word I can think of is for football team names or nicknames, such as ερυθρόλευκοι (red and white, for the football team Olympiacos, probably because this nickname became popular in the 1950s) or Ερυθρός Αστέρας (for the Serbian football team Red Star, probably because the team's name translation was done again in the '50s or '60s).

October 8, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Pavia958233

What is the (non scientific) Greek expression for the red blood cells (erythrocytes) ?

October 17, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/troll1995

I don't think that there is a scientific and a non scientific word for this, as the subject is scientific in itself. Erythrocytes are ερυθρά αιμοσφαίρια or ερυθροκύτταρα.

October 17, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KaterinaMatt

We usually say : λευκά δόντια= white teeth, λευκό χαρτί=white paper, λευκή σημαία=white flag, λευκά ρούχα = white clothes, λευκό δέρμα = white skin..

November 12, 2019, 9:05 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HyaSky

This is not about Greek per se, but in English erythrism refers specifically to an animal that has red hair or fur.

November 2, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/marijkstee

Ερυθρός Σταυρός, ερυθρά αιμοσφαιρια. Ερυθρός is an old word, from ancient Greek. Κόκκινος is a daily word.

October 9, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/YPSILONZ

Also
Ερυθρά Θάλασσα (Red Sea)

October 10, 2019
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