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When to use El, Da, or De?

I've been confused recently on when to use el, da, or de. Are there certain rules for each use?

October 13, 2019



"El" essentially means "from" or "made out of".

"Da" is used to show quantity. Glaso da vino = Glass of wine

"De" is to show a more generic relationship. La koloro de la flago = The colour of the flag


This can be very confusing and it took me quite a while to figure out.

El means "out of" (either a place or made out of a substance). It is extremely helpful to think of it as the opposite of en.

Da is after a quantity of a substance. However, you say el when you are referring to some elements of a group.

De is for possession or meanings of "from" that are not translated as "out of". It is the opposite of al and ĝis.


"Da" is used to show quantity:

Multe da akvo;

Iom da oro:

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