"You have a cute sister."
Translation:He kaikuahine kiuke kou.
Out of curiosity, what word(s) would a native Hawaiian speaker choose to express the same or similar sentiments? I did see the word ʻauliʻi mentioned as being accepted now - does it have any different connotations or nuances that I should be aware of compared to the English "cute," or is it more or less a direct translation?
I was just about to paste a link to the dictionary as well =)
ʻAuliʻi can mean small, tiny, or dainty. Just FYI, Kumu Hōkūlani Cleeland mentioned in a comment further down this thread that he has not heard ʻauliʻi used for people, but rather for things. I have yet to determine if any native speakers I know might use ʻauliʻi for people in this way. I have found just a few written references of ʻauliʻi being used for people and their bodies/body parts. It may not be a perfect match for the English meaning of "cute".
In English "cute" can also be used to describe someone who is attractive or handsome. For that meaning I would use words like uʻi or possibly nohea in Hawaiian.
After speaking with the native speakers that I know, I would recommend using the word "uʻi" for "cute" if you would rather not use "kiuke".
I'll add that some folks use "pupuka", which literally means "ugly" to call babies cute, in order to prevent jealousy towards the baby, but "uʻi" can also be used in this situation. :)
If you memorize the phrase "ʻEhia ou makahiki?" that could serve as a reminder that after numbers (ʻehia = how many?), the K is dropped in possessive sentences. SO: He tita koʻu, BUT ʻElima ona makahiki (OR ʻElima makahiki o koʻu tita).
Compare: He pāpale kona OR He pāpale ko koʻu tita. (BUT: Hoʻokahi ona pāpale OR Hoʻokahi pāpale o koʻu tita.)
Just remember that including numbers (including ʻehia and ʻaʻohe) changes the rules. Another "rule" is that pronouns have a tendency to move forward (see example above).
Does this help or just make it more confusing?
Yes, you are correct. They have different meanings: ka lumi ʻou = koʻu lumi = my room. He lumi koʻu = I have a room (complete sentence).
But don't forget the difference between O-class and A-class. For penikala, you would have to say: ka penikala aʻu = kaʻu penikala = my pencil. He penikala kaʻu = I have a pencil.
You have the right idea. "ʻEhia āna moʻopuna" does basically mean "How many grandchildren of hers".
I'll gives some examples that might help to clarify things.
To say "She has a grandchild" you could say "He moʻopuna kāna." This "he" pattern is used to express that someone has "a something" or "something" in general, but the number is not specified.
But when talking about the number of things someone has the pattern is a little different. To say "She has two grandchildren" you could say "ʻElua āna moʻopuna".
And to ask how many grandchildren she has you could say "ʻEhia āna moʻopuna?" where the word "ʻehia" replaces the number word (ʻehā in the previous example).
Aloha kāua e Maui. ʻO wau nō hoʻi, ʻaʻole au makemake iki i kēlā huaʻōlelo ʻo "kiuke," akā, ʻaʻole wau i lohe i ka hoʻohana ʻana iā "ʻauliʻi" no kekahi poʻe; no nā mea (ola ʻole) wale nō.
Iaʻu, e aho ka hoʻohana ʻana iā "uʻi." Loaʻa pū kekahi mau huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe e like me "nohea," eia naʻe, kūpono loa ʻo "uʻi." He manaʻo wale nō.
Mahalo ka makaʻala ʻana i kēia mau manaʻo a me nā nīnau a ka poʻe haumāna. naʻu
Aloha hou e Hōkūlani! Mahalo nui ka hāpai mai i kēlā manaʻo. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole paha hiki iaʻu ke hoʻomanaʻo i kekahi mānaleo i hoʻohana iā "ʻauliʻi" no kekahi poʻe. Na kekahi kumu ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi i haʻi mai iaʻu he huaʻōlelo maikaʻi ia e hoʻohana ai ma kahi o "kiuke". Ma koʻu huli koke ʻana ma luna o Papakilo, hoʻokahi wale nō mea i loaʻa iaʻu i pili i ka wahine, "Ka Wahine Aulii o Ke Ao Nei. He iwakalua wale no iniha kona kiekie," a ʻaʻole paha i pili ia manaʻo i ka manaʻo o "cute", ʻo "tiny" paha ka manaʻo. Eia ka lou: https://www.papakilodatabase.com/pdnupepa/?a=d&d=KNK19211209-01.2.31.2&srpos=167&e=-------en-20--161--txt-txIN%7ctxNU%7ctxTR-aulii-------
ʻO ka nui naʻe o nā mea i loaʻa, ua pili i ka lole a i ʻole ke kāmaʻa.
Maikaʻi paha ke kāpae ia huaʻōlelo ʻo ʻauliʻi ma kēia haʻawina. E kūkā au me ke kime Duolingo.
Maikaʻi nō ʻo "uʻi"! E pākuʻi ʻia nō.
You're on the right track! "Kou tita kiuke" is the phrase "your cute sister".
It might help to think of it this way: "He tita kiuke kou" -> "a cute sister is yours" -> "You have a cute sister." Does that help at all?
You could also think of it like an ʻaike he sentence, similar to ones we have seen earlier, where the form is "one thing" is a "other thing".
For example, "He kumu ʻo ia" -> "He/She" is a "teacher".
So in this case it's "He tita kiuke kou" -> "Yours is a "cute sister".
In general, the form He ___ koʻu\kou\kona reads as I\You\He\She has a ___.
This pattern is called pepeke nonoʻa.
Kaikuahine = The sister of a brother.