"Minerva destroys the undutiful human."
Translation:Minerva hominem impium delet.
No. Impius has several meaning. It means undutiful towards an authority. It can be the gods, the family, the nation, or whatever. It's not really godless like "atheistic".
Godless means "not believing in God/the gods". Someone can be "impius" in the Latin meaning, while believing in the gods
"Impious", in English, is more about the meaning you've said.