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  5. "The crowds speak Spanish."

"The crowds speak Spanish."

Translation:Turbae hispanice loquuntur.

October 26, 2019



Multitudo, multitudinis, f., is a synonym of turba. I suggest "Multitudines Hispanice loquuntur" as a translation.


Yes, "turba" is more a crowd with the meaning of disorder, turmoil, and "Multitudo" is more neutral, it means a big number, a crowd.

Would the plural means a really big crowd, or several sets of people?


And yet it's not uncommon to see them used as it were interchangeably: in Caesar, he couples them: multitudo ac turba fugientium, "a crowd and mob of people fleeing" (B. C. 2. 35, cited in Lewis & Short).


Why does that form of verb have passive's indicative of 3.pl unlike using as active speak


There's a category of verbs, called "deponent verbs," which use (what look like) passive forms but have active meanings. They can be recognized by the fact that their principal parts, in dictionary listings, are all passive.

So, this verb "to speak," is listed as: loquor, loqui, locutus sum. (The 3 forms meaning: I speak, to speak, I spoke.)

Other common verbs of this type are sequor, sequi, secutus sum, to follow; hortor, hortari, hortatus sum, to encourage, exhort; vereor, vereri, veritus sum, to fear; patior, pati, passus sum, to endure, suffer (whence words like patient, passive, passion).


Why is there a word for Spanish in Latin?


The Romans conquered Hispania; it was part of their empire; in fact, they fought the Carthaginians for it.

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