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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mortarn

Accented characters?

I usually use the phone app and Duolingo is always telling me to "Pay attention to the accents". So what input language should I use on Android to get Esperanto's accented letters on my phone's keyboard? They don't have an Esperanto option.

Also is there an easy way to get them on the PC (Ubuntu)? I could hunt through the character map every time, but that would get tedious. It'd be nice to just press e.g., Super+c to get "ĉ".

October 28, 2019

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RobertoKin9

On Android, use Gboard, which has an Esperanto keyboard.

October 28, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mortarn

Thanks, I'll try that too

October 28, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/eojeff

So what input language should I use on Android to get Esperanto's accented letters on my phone's keyboard?

I'm not sure Android has an Esperanto keyboard. As a practical solution, just use the X-system. Assuming I can get a Markdown table to render in this post: (No such luck)

Esperanto Accented Characters

(EDIT: Because GFM Tables Aren't Supported Here) Just add an X after an accented character and Duolingo knows how to handle it.

Esperanto had some currencies associated with it that occasionally show up in Esperanto texts. I'm not sure if Duolingo references them, but I'll include them here fore completeness sake.

Esperanto Currencies (Rare)

(EDIT: Because GFM Tables Aren't Supported Here)

At various times the Esperanto movement had some currency units associated with the movement. In the off-chance they come up on Duolingo...

The Spesmilo is abbreviated "Sm" in common usage. If you want to get technical and resort to ISO X codes, it would likely be abbreviated XSM. The Stelo is abbreviated "So" in common usage. If you want to get technical and resort to ISO X codes, it would likely be abbreviated XSO.

The Spesmilo was used briefly between 1912 and 1918 when it was demonetized. The coin itself had no precious metals, but the currency was pegged to a fixed number of grams of gold per Spesmilo. The Stelo, by contrast, originally contained some precious and non precious metals — depending upon the coin. It fell out of use decades ago. These days the stelo is reduced to a plastic token used as a medium of exchange at certain Esperanto events.

Esperanto Characters and Linux

You have a number of options summarized in the Stack Overflow post: How do I type the Esperanto letters with accents on Linux?.

I used to go through the trouble of using the gnome-tweak-tool to allow for entry of Esperanto characters using the AltGr key. These days, I just use the X-System because it works everywhere. I have a sed script (somewhere) that converts the X-system text to UTF-8 and back again, but I rarely need it.

October 28, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mortarn

Thanks, I'll try that

October 28, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/slogger

PC (Ubuntu)

I'm using an old version of Ubuntu (14.04), so yours may not match, but mine has 3 varieties of Esperanto keyboard:

  • Esperanto
  • Esperanto (displaced semicolon and quote, obsolete)
  • Esperanto (Portugal, Nativo)

You should be able to pull up a keyboard map for each of those to see how they differ. Maybe someone can advise you as to which layout is best to use. To change the keyboard go to text entry in your system settings. (Ask if you have questions.)

October 28, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mortarn

Thanks, but the problem with different keyboard layouts is having to remember where the letters are. Or putting stickers on my keyboard.

October 28, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JeremiahStoddard

In Linux, the EN-US (International) keyboard layout allows you to type the Esperanto diacritics. AltGr + 6 (or AltGr + shift + 6; I don't remember which off the top of my head) followed by c, g, h, j, or s will give you the "hatted" characters. AltGr + shift + 9 followed by u will give you ŭ. It's a little bit tedious, but not so much as using the character map every time. I use it because I have so far been too lazy to get used to an actual Esperanto layout.

October 28, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mortarn

Thank you! That's more like what I wanted.

October 29, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carbsrule

On my Android phone, I use Gboard.

On my Linux PCs (Debian + Ubuntu), I use IBus which has an Esperanto X-system input method, which converts e.g. cx to ĉ. I have a bunch of other input methods configured in IBus for other languages too.

This page covers most of the possibilities on any system:
http://www.esperanto.org.nz/learn-and-use-esperanto/how-to-type-esperanto-characters/


Manĝu terpomojn kaj feliĉiĝu!

October 29, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/alessandro533629

Mi simple uzas la kunigxon kun x kiel falinta cxapeleto: cx, gx, jx, sx, ux

November 4, 2019, 2:16 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/alessandro533629

mi simple uzas x-on kiel falinta cxapeleto: cx, gx, sx, jx, ux

November 4, 2019, 2:19 PM
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