Thank you, Away 54. So when they are in iDafa, they become like "sleeproom" or bedroom, and in Arabic the possessive goes last, where it goes first in English, "my sleep room" is extremely similar, just a mirror image. How do I recognize iDafa? Duo doesn't teach me grammar terms when I need them, so I rely on this community.
You're welcome, CeciliaDri1!
Yes, it is something like you have said. Literally, غرفةُ نومٍ "ghurfa(tu) naum(in)" means "sleep's room". So, غرفةُ نومِي "ghurfa(tu) naumii" literally means my sleep's room.
"How do I recognize 2iDaafa?" To recognise 2iDaafa (the structure of possession) for beginners (like us), it would be simpler if the ending sounds are written. So, the 2iDaafa consists of two nouns, ie. muDaaf and muDaaf 2ilaih. muDaaf (e.g., ghurfa in "ghurfa naum") can be ended up by three possible diacritics, i.e. Damma, fatHa, or kasra, while muDaf 2ilaih (e.g., naum in "ghurfa naum") can only be ended up by kasra (if it is definite | ma3rifa) or kasra-tain (if it is indefinite | nakira). If we see those ending compositions, then they must be 2iDaafa.
(1) Definite: a) Nominative - غرفةُ النومِ, b) Accussative - غرفةَ النومِ, and c) Genitive - غرفةِ النومِ.
(2) Indefinite: a) Nominative - غرفةُ نومٍ, b) Accussative - غرفةَ نومٍ, and c) Genitive - غرفةِ نومٍ.
However, 2iDaafa would be more difficult to be recognised if there is no Harakaat. In this case, there is no another way except we increase our Arabic script reading so then we become used to it. Perhaps, the following link would help you more: https://kaleela-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/kaleela.com/how-does-idaafa-work/amp/?amp_js_v=a6&_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQFKAGwASA%3D#aoh=16017395053340&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&_tf=From%20%251%24s&share=https%3A%2F%2Fkaleela.com%2Fhow-does-idaafa-work%2F