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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/McDeeh

Idafa Construction: MSA or Dialect?

مَرْحَباً, Dear residents of DuoLingo Is the Arabic course teaching some kind of genitive/possesive construction? Definitely, it isn't the idafa (اَلْإِضَافَةُ), since it should have all the necessary endings like kesrah (definite form) and tanwin kesrah (indefinite form/proper names).

So, is this a dialect or am I getting it wrong?

شُكْراً

October 31, 2019

2 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SaeedAbrahamian

In the Arabic language, the word that leads to Kesrah and Tanwin Kesrah, is called Majrur (مَجرور). There are two categories of Majrurat (مَجرورات) in Arabic:

1- genitive/possesive construction (مضاف و مضاف الیه). for example: کتاب المحمدِ، کتاب محمدٍ، منضدة الطالبِ

2- The word that comes after the Jar letters ( حروف جَر) that are called (جار و مجرور). these letters are included: مِن (from) - اِلی (to) - فی (in) - لِ (for) - بِ (by) - عَن (about) - عَلی (on) - کَ (as). for example: الی المدرسهِ، فی المکتبهِ، من جانبٍ


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TJ_Q8

To what I see in this course, they re not focusing really on grammar and proper MSA. They are like dishing out a "traveler's Arabic" where it is a mix of dialectical words and standard Arabic, regardless of grammar.

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