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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LukeConsta4

What is Emperor in Latin? I have a feeling that it isn't Caesar, as google translate suggests.

November 5, 2019

17 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChevyBarnes05

Dominus is more for master, rex for king, princeps for prince.

The best I can find for Latin is imperator.

The Spanish word for emperor is emperador

In French it's empereur

In Italian it's imperatore

In Portuguese it's imperador

In Romanian it's împărat

In Catalan it's emperador

See a pattern? These are all Romance languages derived from Latin. All spoken today. These words all look and sound similar to imperator (Latin).

That must be the correct translation, unless someone else can give a better answer.

EDIT: Also, English as a lot of French and Latin influence. Perhaps that's where emperor came from?

It's from Old French, emperere, Latin, imperator and also Latin imperare (to command). If any of you are Harry Potter fans, it may fascinate you to know that the Imperius curse derives from the Latin imperare


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ARCANA-MVSA

Princeps can also refer to a chief or chieftain, one who is foremost among people (or something along those lines). :)

That said, Dominus is also commonly used to mean "Lord", as a reference to God - as in "Domine Dirige Nos," Lord Save Us.

Volgav vitsenanieff nivya kevach varatsach.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Yume270208

Depends on the time. Before the rebuplic, the Roman empire was a kingdom, the kings called rex. After Tarquinius Superbus, the last roman rex, the titel 'rex' was absolutely hated by roman society, because Tarquinius was an aweful person an ruler. Imperatores are basically those, who lead people (imperare), first just in military context, later also when referring to the emperor. The first emperor after the republic time was Octavian. The name Augustus was just a cognomen given to him and means 'the sacred', but from this time on it became the cognomen of every roman ruler. He himself called himself 'princeps', which means 'the first', because he saw himself more as a first citizen than a king-like ruler. In general principes are also any other first men, for example leading people of Gallic tribes in Caesars bellum Gallicum. Dominus is basically the lord, for example of the house. Slaves called their masters 'dominus'. In late antiquity, to stable his position, the emperor distanced himself from the common people through divine legitimation and became the dominus, because he was no longer just a first citizen.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ARCANA-MVSA

This site might be handy: http://archives.nd.edu/cgi-bin/wordz.pl?english=emperor

Imperator is your best bet. The reason why Caesar pops up second on this list (and probably also in Google Translate) is because it was a name also adopted by a lot of later emperors who tried to emulate him (did you know that the Russian word Tsar - also spelled Czar - originally came from the word Caesar?). :)

Volgav vitsenanieff nivya kevach varatsach.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Joshorst

As is Kaiser (German), and keizer (Dutch).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/VladaFu

And Augustus was adopted in a similar way and did also appear in the medieval Roman emperor titles "Dei Gratia Romanorum Imperator Semper Augustus".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nattristis

Look up the origin of emperor.
from "Imperator": a commander or ruler. "Rex" is for ruler/king as well.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AashrilSha

Imperator. Often, after a Roman general was victorious in conquest, his soldiers would hail him "Imperator" and the general would usually appeal to the senate for a Triumph. Imperator would be latin for Emperor. Though, the connotation was different than today.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MikelKratzer

You all need to realize imperator has many other definitions too. It can mean also commander, general, warlord, ruler, or commander-in-chief. So if you see imperator in a Latin sentence, it will not always mean that.


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