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What's the difference between श śa and ष ṣa?

I can't hear any difference at all between श śa and ष ṣa. Are they actually different?

According to Wikipedia, श śa makes the sh sound we have in English (which is what it sounds like).

It also says ष ṣa is supposed to be retroflex, with your tongue pointing backward (like you do for ड ḍa or ठ ṭha. I can try making a retroflex sh, but when I do it, it sounds very different from regular sh. When the voice on Duolingo does it, I can't hear the slightest bit of difference.

What am I missing here?

November 8, 2019, 3:49 AM


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