Mater / Matrem Pater/ Patrem
Hello. I can't understand when may i use Mater and when may I use Matrem. The same for Pater and Patrem. Can you help me?
Right! So to say "Mother teaches" is "Mater docet," but "he teaches Mother" is "Matrem docet." Latin has different endings for nouns to show what the noun is doing in the sentence - which means that Latin is less dependent on word order. So "mater docet" and "docet mater" both mean "mother teaches" even though the words are in a different order (English doesn't do this; it relies on word order, not endings, to show what the noun is doing in a sentence). Remembering the endings can be tricky, but ultimately they're helpful and really cool.