DuoLinguo lessons with macrons. 1.3.WHERE/PLACES
Adjectives Just like nouns, adjectives follow declensions. The adjective sōlus (masc.), sōla (fem.), sōlum (neut.) follow the first and second declension, and get the same endings as nouns: discipulus - fēmina - Eborācum.
Have a look at how the ending of the adjective changes:
Latin English Gender
discipulus novus a new student masculine
familia nova a new family feminine
cīvitās nova a new state feminine
Novum Eborācum New York neuter
Nōmen novum a new name neuter
When using sum, you also need to make sure the adjective agrees with the noun.
Mārcus est Rōmānus. Marcus is Roman.
Līvia Americāna est. Livia is American.
Nōmen est novum. The name is new.
Ego sōlus sum. I am alone. (masculine)
Ego sōla sum. I am alone. (feminine)
The locative case is a special case which indicates a location used for cities.
Some general rules: • -a (first declension) becomes -ae • -us and -um (second declension) become -ī
Nominative Locative English (loc.)
Rōma Rōmae in Rome
Novum Eborācum Novī Eborācī in NewYork
Corinthus Corinthī in Corinth
Other locations will generally get a preposition (in + ablative, we will deal with the ablative later in the course).
in Italiā in Italy
in urbe in the city
Domī (at home) is an exception!
The particle num indicates that the speaker expects a negative answer; the speaker would be surprised if someone answered yes.
Compare the following sentences.
Latin English Expected Answer
Num Rōmae habitat? Surely he doesn't live in Rome? Negative
Habitatne Rōmae? Does he live in Rome? Neutral
The suffix -(i)tās is the equivalent of the English -(i)ty. These nouns follow the third declension and are feminine.
lībertās liberty, freedom
difficultās difficulty, trouble
Latin English Additional info
familia family 1st, fem.
Bostonia Boston 1st, fem.
Philadelphīa Philadelphia 1st, fem.
Novum Eborācum New York 2nd, neut.
iuvenis young man 3rd, masc.
urbs (Pl. urbēs) city 3rd, fem.
cīvitās (pl. cīvitātēs) state 3rd, fem.
ūniversitās university 3rd, fem. (pl. ūniversitātēs)
sōlus alone -us, -a, -um
novus new -us, -a, -um
nātus born -us, -a, -um
meus my -us, -a, -um
Americānus American -us, -a, -um
multī many -ī, -ae, -a (plural) quid what, which 3rd, neut. quot how many
Thank you so much for this Dmitri. It's very instructive and will help me understand Latin better. This material is very well suited for placement into tables, so I copied it into a document file and am going to put it in tables. I am a visual learner, so that will help me to study and learn it better.
Good job on compiling this information!