"Anna and Calum are small."
Translation:Tha Anna agus Calum beag.
I'm still learning about this myself, but take a look on this page and scroll down to Gaelic and usage notes: https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/tha
Looks like in Gaelic, the verb is placed first in the sentence. In this case "are"
So the word order looks like verb - subject - adjective.
Any input from native speakers greatly appreciated. The course on Duolingo is still very basic and doesn't elaborate a lot on it's concepts.
Seo following a noun as a modifier means “this”: an leabhar seo = ‘this book’.
Seo + noun = “This is (noun).”
Seo peann. = “This is a pen.”
Seo Alasdair. = “This is Alasdair.”
Seo mo bhrathair. = “This is my brother.”
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No, not quite. Seo isn’t a verb. Gaelic uses “Seo X” as kind of a shorthand for “This is X.” There’s actually no verb in the sentence at all, but it’s understood. Seo Calum = “This is Calum.”
From the Tips page:
Seo is a useful word. It can mean either "this is" or "here is" - although for consistency, we have tended to translate it as "this is".
Later on, we see “seo” used to mean “this” when it follows a noun, for example, An taigh seo = “this house”
You would say, Tha Anna mòr, agus tha Calum beag.
Of course it has grammatical structure. Most Gaelic sentences follow the order verb—subject — object/other. There are periods after all sentences, but not after phrases that aren’t a complete sentence.
- Proper names are capitalized correctly. Common nouns are not capitalized.