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  5. "IRN BRU! Thank you, grandfat…

"IRN BRU! Thank you, grandfather!"

Translation:IRN BRU! Tapadh leibh a sheanair!

December 1, 2019



Why do you put an "a" before some words?


I believe this is because they are Vocative Nouns. Though you would not have an "a" before it if it started with a vowel.


Why does the sh become the ch loch sound in Sheanair? And why does air become 'th'?


Sh is usually an /h/ sound. That may drift into /x/ (as in loch), or more likely /ç/ (as in quaich, deich) when slender as here, in some dialects.

Slender r becomes /ð/ (as in the) in Lewis dialect, although I understand it is spreading.


It sounds more like a "t" to me, but apart from that, I was going to ask the same question.


I assume you are referring to the r. It is not a sound most people are familiar with. When you hear a new sound you try to match it to one you are familiar with. Most people report this sound as like a

  • th, as in the
  • th, as in thin
  • f
  • t
  • d

So it is basically in the middle between all of these. There is a further issue in that it is reportedly spreading from Lewis to other islands. This will mean that it is being adopted by Gaelic speakers who are themselves not familiar with it so a range of sounds similar to this list could actually be developing.


Thank you! That's interesting and thought-provoking.


Id be grateful. Havent had irn bru since i was in Edinburgh last summer. Hard to find in the states.


Why not "leat"?


"Leibh" is more formal. It is also used when thanking two or more people.


Is it general to use formal forms when speaking to grandparents in Gaelic?


What does "IRN BRU" even mean?


There is discussion on many pages here. https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/35297252 may be the best. Basically it is a propriety spelling for iron brew, a popular carbonated soft drink that, according to some people on this site tastes like gummy bears rendered down in a rusty pot.


I'm fed up with this blatant product placement.


It's considered our national drink. Scotland is the only country where the number one soft fizzy drink isn't coca-cola. So definitely cultural for us.


IRN BRU! Tapadh leibh!

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