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A list the Scottish Gaelic words taught up to the first checkpoint and their translations!

Hey there! Hope this helps with your Scottish Gaelic learning! Let me know if I made any mistakes or if you can provide any tips/explanations on the grammar! Mòran taing - Many thanks! And let me know if you have any questions, I'll do my best to answer :-)

204 words (in my count) taught up to the first checkpoint!

Intro - 26 words taught

Lesson 1

  • balach = boy
  • caileag = girl
  • cat = cat
  • cù = dog
  • muc - pig
  • agus = and

Lesson 2

  • tha = am/is/are
  • beag = small
  • mòr = big
  • snog = nice
  • Anna = Anna (name)
  • Calum = Calum (name)
  • Eilidh = Eilidh (name)

Lesson 3

  • dona = bad
  • math = good
  • chan eil = am/is/are not, am/is/are no
  • bò = cow
  • caraid = friend
  • Gàidhlig = Gaelic (language)
  • Iain = Iain (name)

Lesson 4

  • seo = this is, here is
  • cearc = chicken
  • piseag = kitten
  • tunnag = duck
  • IRN BRU = IRN BRU (a Scottish fizzy drink)
  • Mòrag = Morag (name)

Phrases - 28 words taught

Lesson 1

  • halò = hello
  • fàilte = welcome
  • slàinte = cheers
  • tìoraidh = bye
  • tapadh leat = thank you (informal, to one person or to a child)
  • a = the relative particle (that/which/whom)
  • a charaid = friend (vocative - used when addressing someone)

Lesson 2

  • tì = tea
  • cofaidh = coffee
  • madainn mhath = good morning (feminine so math is lenited with an "h" after initial * consonant to soften sound)
  • feasgar math = good afternoon (feasgar is masculine)
  • oidhche mhath = good night (feminine)
  • Anndra = Andrew (name)

Lesson 3

  • bainne = milk
  • siùcar = sugar
  • athair = father
  • a mhàthair = mother (vocative)
  • a sheanair = grandfather (vocative)
  • tapadh leibh = thank you (formal, thanking someone older or more formal, or when thanking more than one person)

Lesson 4

  • a bhalaich = boy (vocative)
  • a bhràthair = brother (vocative)
  • a phiuthar = sister (vocative)
  • a thidseir = teacher (vocative)
  • Ollaimh = Professor

Lesson 5

  • sgoinneil = brilliant
  • ceud mìle = a hundred thousand
  • Ealasaid = Elizabeth (name)
  • Iseabail = Isabel (name)

Food - 24 words taught

Lesson 1

  • is toil leam = I like
  • blasta = tasty
  • aran = bread
  • biadh = food
  • cèic = cake
  • hama = ham
  • ìm = butter

Lesson 2

  • buntàta = potato
  • càise = cheese
  • iasg = fish
  • sgadan = herring
  • uisge = water
  • cha toil leam = I don't like

Lesson 3

  • brochan = porridge
  • rìs = rice
  • taigeis = haggis
  • uisge-beatha = whisky
  • gu mòr = a lot

Lesson 4

  • brot = soup
  • guga = salted gannet (a type of bird)
  • piobair = pepper
  • salann = salt
  • sin = that
  • idir = at all

Feelings - 21 words taught

Lesson 1

  • gu math = well/quite
  • sgìth = tired
  • toilichte = happy
  • mi = I
  • thu = you (singular, informal)

Lesson 2

  • e = he
  • a-nis = now
  • air bhioran = excited
  • brònach = sad
  • ceart gu leòr = ok

Lesson 3

  • i = she/it
  • cho = so
  • crosta = cross, irritable
  • greannach = grumpy
  • spòrsail = fun

Lesson 4

  • sibh = you (singular formal, or plural)
  • ciamar = how
  • ciamar a = how am/is/are
  • gabh mo leisgeul = excuse me
  • duilich = sorry
  • Seumas = James (name)

Personal Details - 29 words taught

Lesson 1

  • cò = who
  • thusa = you (emphasised)
  • cò thusa = who are you
  • is mise = I am
  • à Alba = from Scotland
  • Màiri = Mairi (name)
  • Seòras = George (name)

Lesson 2

  • cò = where (literally "who-is-it") - https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/35320178
  • às = from
  • a = the relative particle (that/which/whom)
  • cò às a tha thu = where are you from?
  • à Alba Nuadh = from Nova Scotia (a maritime province of Canada where Scottish Gaelic is spoken)
  • à Aimearaga = from America
  • à Canada = Canada
  • à Èirinn = from Ireland
  • à Sasainn = from England

Lesson 3

  • trang = busy
  • Dùn Èideann = Edinburgh
  • à Glaschu = from Glasgow
  • à Inbhir Nis = from Inverness
  • à Lunnainn = from London
  • Steòrnabhagh = Stornoway (main town of the Western Isles and capital of Lewis and Harris in Scotland)

Lesson 4

  • àlainn = lovely
  • cò sibhse = who are you (you emphasis, formal plural)
  • cò às a tha sibh = where are you from (singular formal, plural)
  • Barraigh = Barra (an island in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland, and the second southernmost inhabited island there)
  • Ìle = Islay (the southernmost island of the Inner Hebrides islands in Scotland)
  • Leòdhas = Lewis ( the northern part of Lewis and Harris, the largest island of the Western Isles or Outer Hebrides archipelago in Scotland)
  • à Muile = from Mull (the second-largest island of the Inner Hebrides in Scotland)

Clothes - 25 words

Lesson 1

  • seall = look
  • bròg = shoe
  • brògan = shoes
  • lèine = shirt
  • lèine-t = t-shirt
  • sgiort = skirt
  • orm = on me

Lesson 2

  • bonaid = bonnet
  • bòtannan = boots
  • briogais = pants/trousers
  • còta = coat
  • drathais = underpants
  • ort = on you

Lesson 3

  • ag iarraidh = wanting
  • a' ceannach = buying
  • dreasa = dress
  • geansaidh = sweater
  • speuclairean = glasses/spectacles
  • uaireadair = watch

Lesson 4

  • sinn = we
  • iad = they
  • aodach = clothes
  • fèileadh = kilt
  • seacaid = jacket
  • stocainnean = socks

Pets - 23 words taught

Lesson 1

  • brèagha = pretty
  • cuilean = puppy
  • eun = bird
  • luch = mouse
  • peata = pet
  • agam = I have, at me

Lesson 2

  • caora = sheep
  • each = horse
  • uan = lamb
  • glè = very
  • bheag = small (lenited)
  • agad = you have, at you

Lesson 3

  • àrd = tall
  • èibhinn = funny
  • gòrach = stupid
  • òg = young
  • losgann = frog

Lesson 4

  • coineanach = rabbit
  • damhan-allaidh = spider
  • gobhar = goat
  • radan = rat
  • a' cluinntinn = hearing
  • a' faicinn = seeing

Weather - 29 words taught

Lesson 1

  • blàth = warm
  • fliuch = wet
  • fuar = cold
  • gaothach = windy
  • grianach = sunny

Lesson 2

  • a bheil = am/is/are? (question phrase)
  • ceòthach = misty
  • garbh = rough
  • sgòthach = cloudy
  • a-muigh = outside
  • a' faireachdainn = feeling

Lesson 3

  • ann = there
  • no = or
  • dealanaich = lightning
  • reòthadh = frost
  • sneachd = snow
  • tàirneanaich = thunder
  • an t-uisge = raining/rain (literally "the water" as Scottish Gaelic doesn't have a verb for "raining")

Lesson 4

  • ach = but
  • an-diugh = today
  • fhathast = still
  • grànnda = horrible

Lesson 5

  • nach eil = isn't
  • teth = hot
  • dorcha = dark
  • an-dràsta = just now
  • cò ris a tha an t-sìde = what is the weather - what does this literally translate to?
  • coltach = like
  • Marsaili = Marjory (name)

Hope this helped! :D

December 4, 2019

19 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/1v6FpNEZ

Tapadh leat, a charaid! This helped me so much and I can’t believe there’s someone who posts things like this just to help people! Great job!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Klappenmonster

Ccf-Uk_2018 for president!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jim606185

Tapadh leat a chairead. Tha IRN BRU againn ann an Astràilia cuideachd. Faodaidh tu a cheannach anns a ’mhòr-bhùth.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sushirollzies

Question: is "coltach" the infinitive form of "to like" or is it the first-person conjugation? Thanks so much and have a wonderful rest of your day!!!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/u89l3

coltach is the adverb "like" as in "what's the weather like?"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MimiMcC99999

What a great help! Tapadh leat!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AdiGibb

This is fantastic. Tapadh leat!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/is_mise_nansaidh

Fabulous! Thanks so much!!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kirstyn402175

Thanks so much, this will be a great help!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jdmcowan

Note that Food, Lesson 4 contains an error. The error was made by the contributors, not by Ollie-Ccf, but they can't fully correct the error until they publish the next update on the course, which may take a while, but they are working on. Food, Lesson 4 lists piobair = pepper, but the correct nominative is "piobar". The given "piobair" is actually the genitive, which learners will not be introduced to until later in the course.


[deactivated user]

    ★ You've been sooo busy again! Thanks so much! I'm scared I'm going to miss one of your posts! How long do they stay up for?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/heather...

    You're a SAINT! Tapadh leibh a charaid.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Selenefw

    Thank you! I wanted to do something like this and I stumbled acrossed your post! Truely thanks. Your a good person!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/labyrintista

    Thank you so much for making this list. I just got to the first check point and was wishing as is suggested through the course, that I'd written all the words down. I was keenly about to go through the practice sessions to create the list - but you did it! Going forward I'm making a list - it's really a great part of my learning. Tapah leibh!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MindaugasP15

    Tapadh leibh! What about other words?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/chezCody

    Feasgar math! Anybody working on word lists for other Checkpoints/units? SO useful! Thanks for this first one, Ollie-Benson!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ona_17

    This is amazing! Any chance there are lists like this one for the other checkpoints?

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