My german coworker says hut is for a traditional hat like a cowboy or uniform hat and that its not rt to refer it to a ball cap. Says a regular hat is cap. Also says mantel is only for long coats like trench or dress coats and that jacke is for a regular jacket. Was good to know
To elaborate on khatsuoi point, in this case "hut" is the direct object of the sentence so it changes from the masculine indefinite article "ein" to "einen" in the accusative.
Is there a link to a simple explanation to these grammar rules?
E.g. Einen, Einem, Den, Dem?
You need to know the gender of the noun. There is no rule for this (although there are some tips that work sometimes); you just need to memorise it when you learn it.
You need to understand which case to use. A good, non-technical (but long) explanation about cases starts here.
Knowing which gender and case combination you have, you need to follow the declension pattern. Wikipedia has the tables here. I use this mnemonic and remember the exceptions between the two tables for definite and indefinite articles.
Here is an Artikel that I found helpful : https://www.fluentu.com/blog/german/german-nominative-accusative-pronouns-cases-articles/
How shoild i notice between ihr and er? it always sound the same! and even the verb endts in 2 in both events :(
There is a slight difference in pronunciation between the two. "Er" sounds similar to the end of English "bare", and "Ihr" sounds like the ending of English "dear". Sometimes, the sound in duolingo sentences is rather ambiguous, though.
In any case, for this sentence, the verb is different: "Er trägt" / "Ihr tragt" (notice the umlaut). In some verbs, there is a similar distinction. Examples:
Er sieht / Iht seht
Er isst / Ihr esst
Er hat / Ihr habt
Generally (but I think this is not always the case), even if the Er-form is irregular, the Ihr-form still follows the simple "-t" rule.
It could mean that, but generally when referring to clothing "tragen" means "wear".
It totally depends on context. As we don't have any here, both solutions should be accepted.
I don't see why it wouldn't be carry considering the sentence before this was, "She is carrying a hat."
The verb is "tragen": http://conjugator.reverso.net/conjugation-german-verb-tragen.html
Because the Noun Hut is Masculine and direct object and takes the Accusattive Form: ein in Nominative case become einen
so if this changes from ein to einen, why was the last but two question I had 'er liest ein buch'. I cant work out when to change der/ein to den/einen. I thought I had it worked out but as far as I knew 'er liest ein buch' should be 'er liest einen buch'
oh i see, I was thinking because das words take the ein format they too would become einen. thanks for that.
Thanks Folksvagen, i read the complete article and made some notes. Should move my knowledge to a notch
"Einen" is the accusative form for "ein" when it's masculine. Accusative is the case of the direct object so when something is the direct object in a sentence and is masculine, the articles are "einen" and "den".
Examples: "Er hat einen Hund." = "He has a dog." ('ein Hund' is the (direct) object in the sentence while 'er' is the subject.)
It's the same thing happening to pronouns in English (genders apart). Compare:
"I love him."
"He loves me."
"I" and "he" are the subect forms of pronouns while "me" and "him" are objects. We could say they're the accusative forms of "I" and "he" but we don't use the terms "accusative/nominative..." in English because only pronouns change in modern English.
I hope it helped.
You can't tell just by looking at a word. You need to memorise the gender along with the meaning when you learn a new word, unfortunately.
Fun fact! In Chinese there are two ways of saying the verb "to wear" depending on whether what you are wearing is an item of clothing or an accessory, such as a hat or bag :)
Why is it hut and not hose??
Neither of those are German words.
Hut and Hose (capitalised -- they are nouns) are the correct spellings.
Hut = hat
Hose = (pair of) pants
They mean different things. So you would use the word that matches the item of clothing you're talking about.
It is not correct English.
"an" is used before words that start with a vowel sound, "a" before words that start with a consonant or semivowel sound. The spelling is irrelevant -- so it's "a unicorn" (starts with semivowel sound y-) and "an hour" (starts with vowel sound "ou").
Some people use "an" also before words that start with an h- sound and that have at least two syllables and that are stressed on the second syllable, e.g. "an hotel, an historic event".
This conservative rule does not apply to the word "hat", though.
So, if English is descended from German, and in older English, nouns that started with "h" were referred to with "an" instead of "a", is "einen" the German equivalent of "an", and if so, would that mean that "Einen Hut", when literally translated is actually "AN hat", not "A hat"?
First English is not descended from German. They're more like siblings or cousins depending on how you view these things. (Both descend from Proto-Germanic but don't let the name fool you into thinking that means German is more fundamental. It's changed a lot too, just in different ways.)
To get to your question einen is not equivalent to English an. The two languages are handling things differently. In English the decision to use "a" or "an" depends on whether the next word starts with a vowel sound. In German "ein" vs "einen" vs "einem" vs "eines" vs "eine" has to do with the gender and case of the noun that is using ein*. (Case being in, simplified terms, what the noun's place in the sentance is, object or subject etc.)