Word order difference of essentially identical sentences
Why does the word order change between these two sentences?
Cotidie mater sacrificat. (Mother sacrifices daily.) (https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/34048588)
Maritus cotidie sacrificat. (The husband sacrifices daily.) (https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/33834138)
Is it as simple as the "the" in the husband's sentence? Or does it have to do with the genders involved? or something else?
Word order is changed in Latin to emphasise what you are saying (as well as for poetic reasons).
In this case, in the first sentence it's emphasising that the mother does it daily, whereas in the second sentence the emphasis is on it being the husband that does it.
The difference is small and almost insignificant - there would be other ways to place and strengthen emphasis if it was really important, but these small changes of word order give a richness of expression in Latin that is difficult to achieve in other languages where word order cannot be changed so easily.
In Classical Latin, the subject of a sentence (the do-er of the action) is usually the first in the word order while the verb is usually the last word in a sentence (or at least in simple sentences). While word order can be changed since Latin relies on endings of nouns and verbs to indicate their "jobs" in a sentence, the standard is Subject-Object-Verb. Latin sentences also don't always require a stated subject: verb endings can indicate the subject without the need for pronouns.