"Cò ris a tha an t-sìde coltach a-nis?"
Translation:What is the weather like now?
I practice pronunciation of sentences end-first: get the last couple of words just right, then add the previous few words, and so on. Good for anything you want to memorize (fiddle tunes, songs, your part in a play) because then you get reinforced every time you hit the bit you know, and you'll practice that bit correctly, too, instead of practicing your mistakes. And for languages, if you stumble early on in a phrase, the rest will be a hash too. And generally the stumbles happen because you're getting something wrong -- placing a syllable in the wrong place in your mouth, so you can't get the next one off, usually. I'm finding that focusing on what's slender and what's broad and placing those high and low in my mouth respectively really pays off. And for any language, listen for the "tune" the phrase makes, and try to reproduce that.
OK. But this one will take a little bit of explaining.
Cò means "what" or "who". The single letter a is what's called a relative pronoun. It basically just means "it". You should already know that "tha" means something along the lines of "is" or "are" depending on circumstances.
It gets a little more complicated when you deal with the words "ris" and "coltach" as the words are actually combined and pretty much always are together. Ris comes from the word "ri". It mutates to "ris" to prevent the contact between the vowels as saying "ri a" is much more difficult than "ris a". Ri is the preposition "to" in English.
Coltach means "similar", and is always used with the word "ri". So "coltach ri" means "similar to". I won't bother going into why the word ri has shifted from being beside coltach to being beside cò as this is already complicated enough as it is.
You also already know an t-sìde for "the weather" and "a-nis" for "now".
So altogether the phrase word for word means "what to it is the weather like now?" Which obviously makes no sense in English.
The t- is used for masculine nouns starting with a vowel. Ref Tips section for 'Food 2' The Masculine Definite Article : https://www.duolingo.com/skill/gd/Food-2/tips-and-notes
It is also used for feminine nouns that starts with s followed by l, n, r or vowels. Ref Tips for 'Animals' The Feminine Definite Article : https://www.duolingo.com/skill/gd/Animals/tips-and-notes
If I understand the differences correctly (which is possible), much of the time the two (a-nis & an-drasta) would price similar responses, but not always.
Imagine a scenario where it's been raining constantly for the past week but just five minutes ago the sun came out, the train stopped, and everything is nice, although in all likelihood the rain will start up again in a bit and you've only just hit a lull in the storm. If you now ask someone what's the weather like, the "a-nis" question is gonna get answered as "it's been raining all day" or some such, while "an-drasta" will get you the more time sensitive answer that is pretty clear and sunny right now.
Did that explain the difference well enough for you?