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  5. "Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente."

"Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente."

Translation:Her pet is a duck.

April 27, 2013

244 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/callanhead

Discerning audibly between "Ihr" and "Er" is a killer


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Namano

''Ihr'' sounds a lot like ''ear'' in a standard English accent. ''Er'' sounds more like ''air'' in a standard English accent. Hope this helps; it does for me :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nateVONgreat

he meant the way the robot/siri voice says it


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ph.C.

Pretty sure many native speakers mumble more than her. Might as well be used to it as soon as possible ;).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kate_Joy

Mumbling may be an advantage in everyday life. I am pretty sure that sound-hybrid pronouns will be in use. Not M, F, N but a stand in for 'I haven't a clue',-the 'could be either word said' mumble!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LIM678

Very weird to write that


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gantzphere

That's true, but the computerized pronunciation of "Er" sounds like "Ear".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Charley485072

That helps tremendously!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lisa4duolingo

This isn't really a reply to your post, callanhead, but I think the numerous interpretations of what the sentence, "Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente," means, may cause some confusion, so I'm adding my post here to try to prevent further confusion. I don't know how many will actually scroll to the bottom of 167 comments and I think this will help.

German allows for four possibilities to the following sentence:

Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente.

After reading so many different posts interpreting what this sentence meant, I was really starting to get confused, so I laid out what the possibilities are:

I'm fairly certain that duolingo accepts all these variations -- her, their, your.

If the numerous posts on this have confused anyone, I hope this helps.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bynny2015

@lisa4duolingo, what a great explanation of what the sentence could mean! The pictures will be especially helpful to those German students whose native language is not English. Please have a lingot, with my compliments. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JosephCapo1

So which one is it? Or is it all of them? I keep seeing Ihr mean "her" but I also see it mean "Y'all" (you plural). = (


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GiorgiChom

Her pet is a duck - "Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente."

Their pet is a duck - "Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente."

Your (formal, sing.) pet is a duck - "Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente."

Your (formal, plur.) pet is a duck - "Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente."

just perfect :) Ich sehr liebe Deutsch <3


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/vkilohani

Makes German hands down the most ambiguous language. :P


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ioana.marinescu

This is great!Thank you :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/UniversalDope

Lisa4duolingo, you are the man


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jelenaneda

this is possesivepronoun,not personal pronoun so it can only mean Her, never your, for your in possesive pronouns it would b euer,eure,euer,eure.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GiorgiChom

its about "formal your" as a "plural and singular" so its "ihr"

not "euer" and "eure" which stands for "your - plural"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/heinzgenrikh

Although they sound similar (but different), you can still certainly know that it must be "ihr" from the context.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lillejord

While true, in this case context should make it easy. Er Haustier = He pet. Ihr Haustier = Your pet. In this context Er/He doesn't work.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bu_nami

Ihr and sein are used the same?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

Yes, ‚Sein Haustier‘ = “His pet”, if that's what you mean.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jelenaneda

no,ihr like personal pronoun means you( thats the clossest in english i can get), ihr like possesivepronoun means hers-her and u use ihr if noun is maskulin or neutrum gender, and ihre if noun is feminine or plural. Sein means his and thats possesive pronoun. dont confuse Ihr from personal pronouns and Ihr from possesive pronouns..... in possesive pronouns Ihr would b: euer,eure,euer,eure.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LSaints

"Ihr" is longer than "er". For me "Ihr" sounds like "E-I" and "Er" sounds like "R".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jbuyaki

Ihr - Her, Their, Your

How do you know when to use which?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

‘ihr’=“her” and ‘ihr’=“their” can only be distinguished by the context.

In the middle of a sentence, ‘Ihr’=“Your [formal]” can be distinguished by being capitalized.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Luke_Liu

Ihr can both mean your plural.and singular or is it just singular your,same question with Sie,when it means you


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Talking about the formal address "Ihr"/"Sie" only, it can be both for one or more than one person. In other words, other than by context you cannot tell whether one or more than one person is/are being addressed.

However, grammatically the formal address is always third person plural.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sxurik

Thanks a lot. DO NOT use the link https://deutsch.lingolia.com/en/grammar/pronouns/declension/nominative, by the way. Doing the exercise, I totally forgot about "respectful you", tried to google and got there. They did not help. Now i know not to use that site.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RoadtripWagen

Look the form of the verb.In this case it is "ist"(which is singular,3rd person of verb "sein") so you look up 3rd person possesive pronoun:"Ihr".And look context ofc.Deutsch ist einfach.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ieviss

This is not quite right: ist here is used because Haustier is 3rd person singular. That does not mean that the one pet cannot belong to several persons.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MichalaCadova

Nobody asked how to distinquish "ist" and "isst" :-) It is little bit tricky , since the pronunciation is the same and, in general, both could be right.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Yes, "Ihr Haustier isst eine Ente" ("your pet eats a duck) could certainly be a valid translation as well. Whether duolingo accepts it, I don't know, I haven't tried.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ArborAurora

I thought it was "Ihr Haustier isst eine Ente" so that is what I put. It was correct, but said the translation was "is" instead of "eats"... Maybe it thought I made a typo, though it did not say so.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kanko

It does accept it (my own Haustier certainly could isst eine Ente, so it seemed logical)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AlexandraLenox

But that is incorrect for one simple reason.. Pets/animals use FRESSEN rather than essen! :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EdTyrone

That is generally true - Animals (other than humans) use Fressen, and humans use Essen. But, in my reading up on this, Essen can be used with animals. Animals can use either form of "eating", but like IterMercator said, using Fressen on people is an insult.

I think of the two words like this:
Essen - To eat (nicely, bringing food to your mouth).
Fressen - To eat (sloppily, glutinously, putting your face in your food).

Although, in determining the difference between "ist" and "isst" in this kind of example could be determined by "frisst" as you said. That's a very good observation!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/IterMercator

Omg that makes sense why German has a different verb for animals eating as to humans eating. Unless it's an insult, using nouns like woman and man wouldn't be said to be an animal, therefore wouldn't need a seperate verb for "ist" and its same sounding verb "isst" since it is pretty much logical that they would be eating an animal rather being one. While animals can be animals and eat other animals, thus a new verb would be useful since "frisst" and "ist" don't sound the same exactly


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nitramster

Out of curiosity, what is your pet?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jacob665939

frisst for aninals not isst


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MarkSeaman1

Yes but english wouldn't say 'your pet eats a duck'. But you'd probably say 'your dog is eating a duck'. Then ist or isst is obvious from the context of the sentence.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Vaprrenon

I dunno, I can picture a scenario where someone just got done saying how her Fluffy is the sweetest pet ever and their friend tapping them on the shoulder, pointing across the way and noting..."uh...your pet is eating a duck." XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CarloSalvatore

What is wrong with "Your pet eats a duck... every time we are here!". I think it depends on the context. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sylvietr

I also wanted to put the second choice, but somehow refrained and held on to my hearts :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheRealMaestro

Correctly pronounced, "ist" would be pronounced [ɪzt], while "isst" (double S) is pronounced [ɪst]. With this Siri imitator, I have no clue.

EDIT: I stand corrected on the pronunciation if the S. See Andreas Witnstein below. Thank you. I still can't make heads or tails of Duolingo's mangled tongue. It once prounced "Nudeln" as "Wuden".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

There is no difference whatsoever between the pronunciations of ‘ist’ and ‘isst’. In German (except for Swiss German dialects), all obstruents are devoiced in syllable codas. In other words, at the end of a syllable, ‘b’ is pronounced [p], ‘d’ is pronounced [t], ‘g’ is pronounced [k], ‘v’ and ‘w’ are pronounced [f], single ‘s’ is pronounced [s].


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheRealMaestro

I stand corrected, looking up the pronunciations for myself. I will need to review my pronunciation guides and maybe investigate syllable structure tonight. My apologies.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Estergaard

I put "Your house pet is a duck" and I got it wrong because I added "house." I think it should be changed, because some grammatically, I got the question right, I just translated "Haustier" as "house pet" rather than just "pet."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/billi976

Haus= house and Tier=animal Literal translation is "House animal" which English shortens to "pet" Translating "Haustier" to "house pet" would be like writing "house house pet"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/zigomer

The reason for these phrases is for you to learn, in this case to learn that English "pet" is "Haustier" in German. Changing "pet" to "house pet" would defeat that purpose.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/samsplace

I wrote "her house pet is a duck" and was also wrong...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

The translation of "Haustier" is pet. What's a "house pet?" Never heard of it. If you'd translate "Haustier" as "domesticated animal" you'd come up with "pet," but not "house pet." That's like saying "house house animal" (sic!).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/cquark

"House pet" is a fairly common phrase, most usually used for animals not always thought of as pets (snakes, rabbits) but brought inside, but sometimes used to describe dogs and cats.

For instance, the Guardian just used the sentence: "Python that killed boys was house pet" as a headline here: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/aug/07/python-killed-brothers-kept-apartment

Here's the Chicago Tribune with an article called "Exotic house pets" :

http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/sns-viral-exotic-pg,0,4221170.photogallery


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/samsplace

maybe it's a regional difference, as I hear "house pet" all the time. And especially, when we're talking about a duck, it may or may not be a house pet, and still be a pet. My pet duck would live outside, as ducks are incredibly schmutzig!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nyanCat

Why is it sometimes "ihr" and other times "ihre"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

"Ihr" is used in combination with masculine and neuter nouns only. E.g. "Ihr Haus" (neuter), "ihr Mann" (masculine). "Ihre" is only used with feminine and plural nouns, e.g. "ihre Frau" (feminine) or "ihre Männer" (plural).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/The_Tao

Thanks for this. I wish Duolingo explained these grammatical rules. I used Ihre because that's all it's been using in this lesson so far, so the one time I used it thinking I had it right, they switched it to Ihr instead :(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/madsleo

I was wondering about that. When I use my laptop, duolingo has complete grammatical explanations to each chapter. But on my android app there is nothing. Am I mistaken?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/idotychiedes

Good point, I'd like this as well.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kmramna

I think that is why we have discussion. Obviously, because it is free.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cookdj

I'm not sure if that's the entire story. In German, possessive adjectives, i.e. mine, my, yours, his/her's/its etc., are supposed to agree with the noun in gender, number, and case. Read on for a complete description of the German sentence, "Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente". First, what we need to do is determine the subject of the sentence so that we can have the possessive adjective agree in case with the noun it modifies. In a simple sentence like the one on our hands, i.e. subject = predicate sentence, we have one subject being identified in two different ways. Codified, we say that the grammar of this sentence is "X = Y". So, "Ihr Haustier" is the subject of the sentence, and therefore it is in the nominative case; likewise, "eine Ente" is the predicate of the sentence, but the sentence has no object, and so, both "subjects" turn out to be in the nominative case. In order for the possessive adjective to agree with the case of the noun it modifies, it must be in the nominative case. Moving on, in the second place, we need to determine the gender of the noun Haustier. In German, the gender of Tier is neuter, das Tier, and whenever there is a compound word, a word formed by two German words, the word always takes the gender of the second of the two words. So, for example, Brieftasche is a compound of the nouns, die Tasche and der Brief, but because die Tasche is the second part of the compound, it is die Brieftasche. So, in order for the possessive adjective in our sentence to agree with the noun it modifies, it must take the neutered case. Now, let's review. So far, the possessive adjective ihr/Ihr needs to be in the nominative case and neuter. Lastly, we need it to agree in number with the noun, and it is easy to see that das Haustier is singular, which adds a valuable piece of information to interpreting the sentence because if it was "Ihr Haustiere sind Enten", then we would be able to conclude from context that it was "Their pets are ducks" not the Formal-You. Taken together, we find out that "Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente" is being said to someone that is unfamiliar/higher in authority than the speaker of the sentence, and the sentence means something like "Your pet is a duck". For any other construction in German using possessive adjectives, remember, they must agree in number, case, and gender with the nouns they modify. Oh, and one last thing, the possessive adjectives in German are declined like the indefinite article "ein". Here's a challenge. Try to translate "I hit his duck with her wallet" into English.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

‘Haustiere’ is plural, so “Their pets are ducks.” would be ‘Ihre Haustiere sind Enten.’, which can also mean “Your [formal] pets are ducks.”.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BlazingFast

Oh my god. This was epic. I learned a lot about both English and German from this post! Thanks for the clarification!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ozzy222

cant I also translagte it as "her pet is a duck"??


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

Yes, “Her pet is a duck.” is also a valid translation.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jordan_zs

Could it not be "your (formal possessive) pet..."?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/siebolt

And also "their", which got faulted, grrr.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

When Duolingo makes mistakes, please report them using a ‘Report a Problem’ button. The German↔︎English staff is very responsive.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PaweWicher

German Chandler and German Joey like this.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mustafa-Abbas

Did anyone notice that Ente means a Citroen 2 CV?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

The Germans call the Citroën 2CV ‘Ente’ because its hinged front side windows flap like duck wings, and because its soft suspension makes it corner like a waddling duck.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DPGriffin

New favorite German fact.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lisa4duolingo

Indeed, these are interesting details, to be sure. I was very curious about windows that looked like duck wings, so I googled it and lo and behold, Wikipedia had an entry on it. If you're curious, too, this is what they look like:

If you'd like to read more about this car, Wikipedia has quite an extensive article on it. You can link to it here:

Citroën 2CV


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/egmoon29

How does one know if the speaker means "her pet is a duck" or "their pet is a duck" or "your pet is a duck"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Context only. You just jotted down all three possible translations.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dovhakiin.

What about "Euer haustier " ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

‘Euer Haustier ist eine Ente.’ is the correct translation for informally addressing more than one person. Please report it if it's not accepted.

‘Du’: ‘Dein Haustier’ (familiar singular)

‘Ihr’: ‘Euer Haustier’ (familiar plural)

‘Sie’: ‘Ihr Haustier’ (formal singular and formal plural)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nanikus

Possible, if you would live in 18th century


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/valerierangel4

What is the difference between 'Ihr' and 'Ihre'?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

In the nominative case, ‘ihr’ is used for masculine singular and neuter singular; whereas ‘ihre’ is used for feminine singular, and for the plural.

masculine feminine neuter plural

ihr                 ihre          ihr        ihre      nominative

ihres             ihrer         ihres    ihrer     genitive

ihrem           ihrer         ihrem  ihren    dative

ihren            ihre           ihr       ihre       accusative


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DaneyPayne

Her and their are both "ihr". I know she and they are both "sie" but you can figure out which one by the verb conjugated in the sentence but how do you tell with possessive pronouns?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

Only from the context, which is insufficient here. ‘Ihr’ can also mean ‘your [formal]’, but that's always capitalized, so you can tell it apart in writing when it's not at the start of the sentence.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dpchalmers

I almost put "Your pet is an ent."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/xelasoma

Why is it "Ihr" instead of "Ihre" for a female?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Because the declination (word ending) of "Ihr" must match the gender and case of the noun it appears with ("Haustier") and "Haustier" is neuter ("das Haustier").

Ihr Haustier. Ihr Auto. (neuter nouns)

Ihr Mann. Ihr Computer. (masculine nouns)

Ihre Handtasche. Ihre Frisur. (feminine nouns)

Also, note this sentence and the adjustment of the declinations of "ihr(e)" and "ein(e)":

Ihre Ente ist ein Haustier.

"Ente" is feminine. "Haustier" is neuter.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jackherbach12

Can someone clarify this for me, please? Which one is which?! I thought "Sie" is both "her" & "you all," but, upon further studying, I do not think that to be case. If I recall, Duolingo said early on that "Sie" is "her," and "they/them." So, what is "Ihr?" Is it "you all?" If so, what is the polite "you?" Thanks! Sorry, to me, these rules are a bit convoluted. At least it has taught me a lot about my own English xD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

I'm not sure what you mean by "you all".

First off, sie in German can be three things in English:

  • she,
  • they and
  • you (formal address). (This form of Sie is always capitalized in text.)

sie as in she is 3rd person singular, sie as in they and you are grammatically treated identically as 3rd person plural.

For example:

  1. Sie ist eine Frau. - She is a woman.
  2. Sie sind eine Frau. - You are a woman.

So, in #1 we have 3rd person singular, #2 is 3rd person plural (the formal address ), however, the latter can't be confused with the other 3rd person plural (they), because they can't be a single person.

If, however, we take the sentence

  • Sie sind Frauen.

then this can be translated in two different ways:

  1. They are women.
  2. You are women.

The latter is the formal address, however, the speaker is addressing not one but more than one person, namely the women. So, Sie, as in the formal address, can be used to address a single person or more than one person. Grammatically, the usage (of whether the speaker is addressing one or more than one person) is identical, and cannot be discerned from one another, if only through context.

Ihr can be the following:

  1. you - 2nd person plural,
  2. her - 3rd person singular,
  3. their - 3rd person plural,
  4. your (formal address) - 3rd person plural.

Whereas #1 is the simple personal pronoun, #2, #3 and #4 are the possessive form of the personal pronoun.

For example:

  1. Ihr seid Frauen. - You are women. (Informal address).
  2. Ihre Handtasche ist schön. - Her purse is beautiful.
  3. Ihre Handtaschen sind schön. - Their purses are beautiful.
  4. Ihre Handtasche ist schön. - Your purse is beautiful. (Formal address).

(The different word ending of Ihre comes about because it has to be in harmony with the gender of the noun it refers to. Handtasche is feminine.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/underthesamesky

I can see this line being said in a sitcom as some sort of comeback: "Your pet is a DUCK."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DarkoBakul

Duolingo does not seem to offer a more detailed lesson on personal pronouns, am one chapter left from fully learning whatever Duolingo has to offer and so far it has been using personal pronouns for formal "you". Luckily I was able to figure it out based on the Ihr (her) and Ihr (sie). They seem to share the same pronouns and changes based on noun cases. Here is a more detailed breakdown thats also condensed for ease of reading and learning too. https://deutsch.lingolia.com/en/grammar/pronouns/possessive-pronouns


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Alireza29700

what about ihr houstier isst eine ente?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MatthewSamuel

"House pet" was not accepted. The suggested response was "household pet" come on.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AlanKi1

How do you know if it is his or her?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Not sure what you're asking. Can you be more specific?

Do you mean how does one know the duck's gender or are you referring to "Ihr"? "Ihr" can mean "her" (there are two other possible translations for this though; see the other threads for those translations).

"His" would be "Sein": "Sein Haustier ist eine Ente."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AdityaGodb

What's the difference between Ihr and Du?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

As a nominative independent pronoun, ‘Ihr’ = “You [familiar plural]”, while ‘Du’ = “You [familiar singular]”.

But in this sentence, ‘Ihr’ is a nominative neuter possessive adjective, meaning either “Her”, “Their”, or “Your [formal]”.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rwianecki

Why is ihr "her" thought it was your..what makes this "her"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Actually, it could be both. So, both

  • Her pet is a duck. and
  • Your pet is a duck.

are valid translations of the sentence Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente. Ihr=Your being the formal you.

It's only context that would narrow it down to one. But since context is lacking here, both translations are acceptable.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnaLeticiaBMS

How would i know, when ihn means his or her???? Wtf


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

What are you talking about? ihn always only means him.

Ich sehe ihn. - I see him.

Ich mag ihn. - I like him.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SrirachaTzar

What does Ihr mean exactly?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Are you really asking that question? You can find the answer on this page in a beautiful post of mine, six original posts above this one. Read it. Get back if you still don't understand.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MiguelGonz227458

whats the difference between ihr and ihre


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kanko

These are possessive pronouns for "first person singular feminine" or "third person plural" OWNERS, because of the lowercase "i". If a capital I is used ("Ihr/Ihre") it can mean that the owner is of the "second person formal", especially if isn't occurring at the start of a sentence.

"ihre/Ihre" means that the OWNED THING is feminine or plural

"ihr/Ihr" means that the OWNED THING is masculine or neuter

These endings are for Nominative. When the owned thing is in another case it changes accordingly.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Ihr


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jessd47

What is the difference between Ihr and Ihre?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Val928

Isnt it ihr = you and ihre = her ? So confusing


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/pleky14

But we don't know if they talk about Ihr (Your, polite form) or ihr (her) because tje possessive pronoun begins the sentence so whatever it takes a capital ''I''...so how do make the difference...Thanks for your help please. Danke Shoen!!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lisa4duolingo

I really enjoy reading all of these comments (well, some more than others), but one thing that is really starting to confuse me are all these references to "ihr" with capital "I" used as part of the spelling. So I hunted down a chart of the German pronouns and am including it in this post so that we can all get on the same sheet of pronouns with this one:

Correct me if I'm wrong, but "ihr" is never capitalized unless it starts a sentence and it never refers to a "formal" you. It is the pronoun for "you" plural (informal) aka second person plural (informal) aka "y'all" or "you all" as some might say in English.

As you can see from the chart above, the only pronoun that gets capitalized is "Sie" in all of its cases.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lisa4duolingo

It finally dawned on me why the sentence, "Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente," has caused so much confusion. So, I put together another chart that may eliminate some confusion:

Hope that helps.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BoiuGW

I thought she said her pet eats a duck isst ist sound the same


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TrevorBlan1

How do you distinguish in sentence means "her" or "you/your"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

It's called context.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WatchDogs

I thought it was, "Ihr Haustier isst eine Ente". How can I distinguish them?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jeff497345

System enters "their" instead of "your"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Anthony598757

How is it "their" instead? I thought "ihr" was you so I guessed it was "your" pet.. Im confused


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SamerAbuAm

Are they talking about Pewds?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KatrinaNevski

why would you have a ducks as a pet


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mpineda18

Im a little bit confused with the "Ihr", the sentence can also be translated as "Her", the femenine pronoun. How is that possible ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LogoPogo

Could this also mean "Their pet is a duck"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SamSchalk

I thought "ihr" meant "your" in the plural sense?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

That would be

Euer Haustier ist eine Ente.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/louise19861

Why not his cat is FAT?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nicolifeis

I don't get it, why Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente translates Her..... I thought ihre would be the feminine of ihr, same as mein and meine or dein and deine.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

No, both ihr and ihre mean her. The different word endings indicate different declensions and the gender of the noun associated with ihr/ihre.

That noun is Haustier. So, it is Ihr Haustier, because Haustier is neuter (das Haustier). Ihr Mann (her husband) has the same ending for ihr, even though Mann is masculine (der Mann). But: Ihre Handtasche (her purse). Handtasche is feminine (die Handtasche), so the ending of ihr changes to ihre, because the associated noun (Handtasche) is feminine.

Also, the above were the declensions in nominative case, because Ihr Haustier is the subject of the sentence.

If we change the role of the noun in a different sentence:

Ich sehe ihr Haustier. (I see her pet.)

we get the same word ending, but ihr Haustier is now in accusative case, because it is the object of the sentence.

Replace the object with the other nouns of different genders and we get:

Ich sehe ihren Mann.

Ich sehe ihre Handtasche.

So, notice how the word endings of ihr change again, introducing yet another variant ihren, which is the accusative singular masculine form.

There are two more cases, genitive and dative, with yet different endings, but I won't post examples of those for brevity.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nicolifeis

Thanks I see i need more insights on the cases...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ClaireKolkman

oops i put her pets ate a duck sorry duck :(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ClaireKolkman

oops i put her pets ate a duck sorry duck :(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mpw1991

Haustier -

Haus - House Tier - Animal

House Animal = pet = Haustier.

Easiest way to remember the word.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ahmad728338

Ihr is your right ?? why duolingo translates it as Her ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

ihr (lowercase) is the possessive form of sie (lowercase), which can mean either "she" or "they", so ihr can mean "her" or "their".

Ihr (uppercase) is the possessive form of Sie (uppercase), which means "you".

At the beginning of a sentence, you can't tell the difference between these two words, because the first word in a sentence is always capitalised. So an Ihr at the beginning of a sentence can be any of "her, their, your".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mackelpr

I dunno if she realized this, but....


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Marillium

How would you write His pet is a duck


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Sein Haustier ist eine Ente.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CalebCrawf13

Its written "ihr" in the app. I got it wrong going with "his," it was "her." No context. No way to know


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Well, it couldn't be his because that would be sein, so you made a grammatical error rather than one based on a phonetic similarity between ihr and er.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WorthingtonSusan

hahaha, ich dachte "ihr haustier isst eine ente!" like her pet was a wolf or something!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/basset1022

Her pet is a duck Why its not correct ?


[deactivated user]

    I've noted that her and she appear 4 times more frequently than him and hein my exercises. Duolingo needs to stop this bias against men. Someday they may regret their PC bs.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gaynor516252

    Ihr = her and you (plural); sie = she and they. Only the masculine is distinguishable. Confusing!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wryness

    I heard "isst eine Ente" at first and thought someone's pet had just eaten a duck. O-o Although I guess it would have been "einen Ente" in that case, right?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LuSuperWhoLock

    Should it be "ihre" for female? And ihr for male?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jill145880

    And I heard 'Ihr Haustier ist deine Ente' :(


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/abbas287060

    Her pet and her pet . Do you think it is fair to mark a whole sentence wrong just because of not beginning a sentence with a capital letter .


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KeithJones682435

    Is there any way from either the audible or written sentence to discern whether its "Her" or "Your"? Sie confused me until i got the hang of verb endings, but i can see no similar changes which determine Her or Your from the sentence. Am I just missing something?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

    No, the word is the same both written and spoken. You can only figure out its meaning by context. Because there is no context here, all three possible meanings are valid answers.

    Though, the formal address Ihr is always capitalized. So, if it appears mid-sentence, you can tell it apart from ihr (lowercase).


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/xhyax

    will herondale left the chat


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MartinDevl

    Ihr Haustier frisst eine Ente


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zhenar3

    ''Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente'' means ''Her pet is a duck'' and also ''Your(plural) pet is a duck''.. how should i know which one the person mean?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

    By context only.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/m3hrzad

    Das ist falsch." Sein Haustier " ist richtig.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JohanShiju

    Just realized "Haustier" is "Haus" (house) + "tier" (animal).


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Popilana

    Why is it 'ihre frau' yet 'ihr haustier' when both nouns are feminine? Thank you!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EdTyrone

    That is because Frau is a feminine noun and Haustier is a neuter noun.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Keskelis

    I was told that, "ihr" is S. mas. and "ihre" is S.fem. Is that true?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mohab844303

    I had the Same Sentence " Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente" and i wrote Her House Animal is a Duck , Why should it be Her Pet , i know This actually does make more sense to call it a pet other than calling it a house animal , but just out of curiosity


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeeAllenSt

    What the duck is going on? Who has a duck as a pet???


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BeD-SMart

    Im just discovering now that you can leave a comments!!!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Adamflocca

    I am confused. So far as im aware "Ihr" has only meant you till now?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ananda308430

    Ihr was supposed to be you right? Now it's her also?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ANIMALENTHUSIAST

    There is this comedy show, where two roommates have a duck and a chick for pets!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Pato_Tonto

    How would I say "quack"?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LoadsOfToa

    Welcome to Germany...


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Balgarino

    It's funny how I wrote "their pet is a dick" and got away with it.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PaceyT

    this is wrong


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rozieland

    How can you tell if a sentence means "you" or "her" when using "ihr"??


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/liminal

    Haustier = house animal? What if the duck lives in the garden?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    ‘Haustier’ = “pet”. “Domesticated animals” such as cows and sheep don't usually live in the house either, at least not nowadays, even though the word “domesticated” likewise derives from Latin ‘domus’ = “house”.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/liminal

    No.. this infact proves my rule. You would not typically call sheep 'domesticated' animals - precisely because they don't live in our houses. Nor would you call a rabbit or a duck 'domesticated' its reserved for cats and dogs.

    Technically you are right by the scientific use of the word for anything that isn't a wild animal but in every day english thats is not what applies.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/helenvee

    Actually In English domesticated includes all animals or other creatures no longer living in their wild state which have been modified by breeding to be kept by people for some purpose. This can be as pets or as farm animals. This includes cats, dogs, sheep, cattle, poultry and even domesticated herds of reindeer. Wild animals are those living in their natural unchanged state and pets are any creatures kept as companions, not for work or for food.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/liminal

    I'll repeat myself because your misleading people, what you have given is the scientific definition of a domesticated animal but we are not scientists.. we are linguists. The word comes from Latin domesticus meaning house; if your calling an animal that lives outside domesticated you look foolish.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/andiness1

    I'm sorry. But while the etymology does tend toward house bound animals, domesticated has come to generally mean any animal not in its wild state due to the intervention of humans. Many words stray from their etymological meanings as the language develops. As a self proclaimed linguist this is something you should know.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/latherandfroth

    I'm so confused. I thought 'Ihr' was the plural of 'you'. When i hover over it, 'you' isn't even an option. Just 'their, your and she'


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    ‘Ihr’ can mean “you [informal plural]”, the plural of ‘Du’=“you [informal singular]”=“thou”, but that wouldn't make any sense in this sentence, because the following noun, the verb, the object noun, and the article of the object noun are all singular.

    “You pets are ducks.” would be ‘Ihr Haustiere seid Enten.’.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AhmedH5

    So "Ihr" can be a personal & possessive pronoun of "You" formal ??


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OvaryQuiver

    So both Her pet is a duck and Your pet is a duck is correct? I pet Your just to experiment and it accepted it. How could you tell when the context doesn't give you any clues?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

    You can't. That's why it says you can only get the meaning by context.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sylvygerry

    I also agree that "Ihr" sounds like "ear" and "er" like "air". Das stimmt wohl


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SylwesterP8

    Anyone tell me why "His" is not correct but "Her" is ok? Be gratefull


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    His pet is a duck.” would be ‘Sein Haustier ist eine Ente.’.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EllieWrigh3

    A pet duck..... Cool! I'd love to have a pet duck! :D


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ggajardo

    why is correct their? :c should not be sie in that case?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    ‘Ihr’ in this sentence cannot mean “You [familiar nominative plural]”, because it's modifying ‘Haustier’; In this position, ‘Ihr’ has to be possessive and in the nominative case, meaning either “Her”, “Their”, or “Your [formal]”. A fifth meaning of ‘Ihr’, “To her”, also cannot apply here.

    ‘Sie’ means “She”, “They”, or “You [formal]”, in the nominative or accusative case.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/callanhead

    I think "Sie" is for "They" not "Their", I could be wrong.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Fred_Reimers

    I put "Ihr Haus Tier isst eine Ente." I guess i was close??? LOL (i knew i was wrong before i submitted my answer but i listened to the recording 10 times and that's the best i could make of it...and i forgot that Haustier was a word meaning pet)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    ‘Ihr Haustier isst eine Ente.’ [with Haustier as one word] is also a correct transcription, since ‘ist’ and ‘isst’ are pronounced exactly the same. ‘Ihr Haustier frisst eine Ente.’ would be a more-common way of describing this, since pets are non-human, but ‘isst’ is also acceptable.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Miquinho

    How do i make the difference between Ihr (you) and Ihr (your)?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    ‘Ihr’=“you” (informal plural) and ‘Ihr’=“your” (formal) are spelled identically and pronounced identically; they can only be distinguished from the context. However, ‘ihr’=“her”, though also pronounced the same, is spelled uncapitalized (except at the beginning of the sentence).


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

    Not sure what you're asking. 'Ihr' already is a form of 'your.' 'You' (formal) is 'Sie.'


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yashkochar

    Why is domestic animal not correct translation for Haustier?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wataya

    It is. "Kühe und Schafe" are considered "Haustiere" in German, too.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/liminal

    in that case translating Haustier to mean 'pet' is incorrect and duolingo should not allow it.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wataya

    No, it is not incorrect. "Haustier" can mean both "domesticated animal" and "pet".


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/liminal

    This is interesting as in english a cow or a sheep would never be called a 'pet'. Domestic from latin meaning house, even the term domesticated is only used for animals living in a house.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DPGriffin

    It's possible that this is partially because I live in the midwest, but it is not uncommon for people to own just one or two cows or sheep, and refer to them as pets. It's the same thing as having a pet chicken or rabbit.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Yinyangrunner

    I try not to guess what words mean too much before I learn them because if I do then I'll often remember what I had originally thought it meant and not the actual translation.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/offlimits1702

    Hello everyone! I need some help. I am little confused. How do i know if "ihr" stands for "their" and when does it stands for "her". Danke :)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    See the replies to msuidl, jbuyaki, and DaneyPayne.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NickBambridge

    I heard "Ihr Haustier isst deine Ente".


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nanikus

    I see there are some people that instead of pet wrote domestic animal. I was one of them and got wrong answer. I checked now google translate and it has this option. I understand some logic (domesticated and not domesticated), but I think that some of checking in English is too hard. We are not learning English but German. And there are not all people 100% fluent in English - sorry for my mistakes ;)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Abdullahzen

    "Ihr haustier ist eine Ente" what is wrong with this translation?? "Your house pet is a duck" it should be accepted i guess


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kareemibrahem

    Howcome "Ihr" means "her " not his ? -_-


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

    Ihr - Her (also: Your (formal))

    Sein - His/Its

    Sein Haustier ist eine Ente. - His pet is a duck.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/msuidl

    On my tablet, the only solution that works is "your pet is a duck", but isnt Ihr you (pl) or her? Wouldnt the closest possible, but still, grammatically incorrect translation then be "You pet is a duck"?, since ist should be declined to seid?

    Im not clear on the whole Ihr deal :/


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

    First off, the sentence "Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente" can have three different meanings - and hence translations:

    1. Her pet is a duck.
    2. Your pet is a duck. [formal address]
    3. Their pet is a duck.

    Second, although all three translations use a different (possessive) personal pronoun at the beginning of the sentence, the subject of the sentence is still just "pet" in all three cases. So, the predicate (verb) that goes with the subject never needs to change gender or count, i.e. "Haustier" is always neuter and singular.

    I could also start the sentence wtih "My pet..." or "Our pet...", the subject would still always be "pet" = "Haustier" (a neuter singular noun in German) and the predicate (verb), of course, would also always be singular in synchrony with the subject.

    As soon as I change the gender and/or count of the subject, things change for the verb as well. For instance, let's say I change "pet" to "pets".

    Now, the sentence reads as follows:

    Ihre Haustiere sind Enten.

    Again, we have three possible and different translations:

    1. Her pets are ducks.
    2. Your pets are ducks.
    3. Their pets are ducks.

    So, the personal pronoun remained the same (except for its word ending, because it refers to a plural noun now), and the noun changed from singular ("pet" = "Haustier") to plural ("pets" = "Haustiere") and accordingly the predicate (verb) of the sentence needed to change as well to a plural form of "be", namely: "are", or "sind" in German, in order to harmonize with the subject ("Haustiere").


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Titanus14

    What is the difference between her and their? Both pronauns are ihr. Is there a difference in verb or this sentence has two meanings?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    See the replies to msuidl, jbuyaki, and DaneyPayne.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

    You know, it really helps if you read the discussion thread in its entirety before asking questions. Many times questions have already been answered in prior postings. If you scroll just a little bit up, you'll see a posting of mine that explains in great detail that there are three different meanings the sentence can have. The verb, however, stays the same, because the subject of the sentence remains the same.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kate_Joy

    There can be reams of answers. It is a pity that the Moderators cannot put their crux subject Q&A's at the top of the page. Sometimes, they take some finding.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/trinthetweety

    Man, I want a duck as a pet.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/peti65536

    Hi, i speak only little english, and germany too. I writed: "Her domestic animal is a duck." It was wrong, and correct translations is this: "Your pet is a duck." I ask: - Why not "Her", and why not "domestic animal"? Thanks for help!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    “Her pet is a duck.” is also a correct translation of ‘Ihr Haustier ist eine Ente.’.

    A “domestic(ated) animal” is tame and kept by humans. Some ducks are domestic, others are wild.

    A “pet” is a domestic animal kept for companionship. Some ducks are kept as pets.

    ‘Haustier’ can mean either “domestic animal” in general, or “pet”. When necessary, they can be distinguished by the expressions ‘Nutztier’ and ‘Heimtier’, though the latter is rarely used.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lisa4duolingo

    Not here to get involved in any debate, but I was curious about the words "Nutztier" and "Heimtier," so I looked them up and decided to share what I found. According to the source I used, here is how these three classes of animals -- Haustier, Heimtier, and Nutzier -- differ:

    Haustier

    From Haus ‎(“house”) +‎ Tier ‎(“animal”)
    1.A pet, in the sense of a companion animal

    Heimtier

    From Heim ("home") + Tier ("animal")
    1.An animal from an animal shelter
    2.A formal term for a pet, as opposed to a farm animal or a wild animal.

    Nutztier

    Compound of nutzen ‎(“use”) +‎ Tier ‎(“animal”)
    1.livestock; domesticated animals in general
    2.farm animals; domesticated animals that are mainly found on a farm

    Source: Wiktionary


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/heinzgenrikh

    Before learning German, I advise you to learn more English to understand what you are talking about. An animal to be kept in your house is surely a pet, right? By the way, are you sure that you know the meaning of "domestic"?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/peti65536

    No, i am not sure that i know the meaning of "domestic", and meaning of "pet". I am not sure, that duck is a pet, because duck is not an "inroom"-animal. Do i think that wrong? Is duck pet or not? I know it really not. In my language (Hungarian) duck is domestic animal, but not pet.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/heinzgenrikh

    It is not important whether a duck is a pet or not. The point is that the word Haustier means "pet".


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TimothyGeek

    Are you sure about that? Because when I look at it, I see "Haus" and "Tier", and that would mean "house animal" in English. English-speakers simplify that to "pet", but you can't say for sure whether it really means that.

    There's a lot of guesswork involved in deciphering new languages, since there isn't a one-one correspondence between words.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/liselotte8846

    But it's a good point---a duck is typically not a pet. A dog or a cat or a bird would have been a better choice for a sentence with the word "Haustier", only because 'haus' does suggest that we are talking about an animal that lives in the home. Seriously, who keeps ducks as indoor pets??


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/icecriss

    I know someone who has a chicken:)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Yarouge

    How can I find out if it is "your" or "his/her"?

    Context?

    It is very ambiguous.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    Yes, context. See the replies to jbuyaki, msuidl, emoon29, DaneyPayne, and Miquinho.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kate_Joy

    I have put a lingot on here because someone started a down vote and it carried on. However, your question was valid, well expressed and polite. Will whoever is down voting for no earthly reason stop, please. Searching through scores and scores of answers about various parts of a sentence to find a question and answer can be just too much. As for the quips, with possessive pronouns to digest, a smile really helps.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/chande30

    Why in here Haustier is not taken as domestic animal also?only pet is correct answer?or am I wrong in this case?thx


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kaibreeze

    How to know when " ihr" , means "her" or "their" ?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    See the replies to msuidl, jbuyaki, and DaneyPayne.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bigmacka123

    I've always wanted a duck personally.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Tarvis_haz_swag

    Why is it they use Ihr instead of dein or deine. Also I know this is random but when does one use dein vs deine? Danke


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    See the reply to dovhakiin.. See the reply to valerierangel4, and replace the stem ‘ihr’ with ‘dein’.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bozokluoglu

    Why not Ihre, but ihr??


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasWitnstein

    See the reply to valerierangel4.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BuraShimazaki

    Und Ihr Name ist... Pewduckpie


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/thisisregi

    Why answer ,, your pet..." is Right??

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