Why in Arabic does the word for "has" come before "Judy"? Are there other examples of verbs that go in that order? Sorry I am new to Arabic. Am I correct in assuming the typical word order for Arabic action verbs is that the verb goes after the noun who performs the action?
That assumption is partly right. Sentences may be verbal where usually precedes subject and predicate or it may be ism ( either a noun, adjective,...) followed by a predicate. Arabic sentence word order is flexible. Hope I answered the question.