I have just finished the four alphabet levels and now on to description and I'm lost. I have no idea what the 3 represents and also what letter of the alphabet the darkened little knot in the middle of ki3aa represents. I understand that the letters are shortened when joined with other letters - I just don't which one that little dark knot is. I have a sheet with all the alphabet letters on it - is it a squished sa?
I did look at the tips and they were describing a small "w" and the word has a 3 so didn't make a connection. I still don't understand why the words have a 3 in them - e.g. tirru3 has the small w (looks like a lying down 3) and the small alphabet W above the R but tiru3 has only the small alphabet W above it. In the word ki3aa the middle script looks like a heavy comma - that's what I'm not getting. Same as ba3ii.
This is a dammah, a short u vowel
This is a shaddah. It doubles the consonant it's written on, so the r becomes rr.
This is the ayn connected to left and right.
The ayn can take four shapes depending if it is isolated or connected to left, right or both sides: ع عـ ـعـ ـع
(I hope the mark-up works well combined with arabic)
For the season: كُل عام وأنتُم بِخَير
I don't think it is - I believe it's the condensed version of an alphabet letter (like a Baa is shortened when it's in a word to just a small portion of the full letter). If you are able to access the first description lesson it has the English transliteration of ki3aa and the word begins with the shortened Khaa, this dark blob, and then the Alif so I'm thinking it's a shortened version of some letter of the alphabet. It sits on the baseline and is not the accent above a letter or below.