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  5. "His name is Sam."

"His name is Sam."

Translation:اِسْمهُ سام.

December 30, 2019



Is it ismu or isma?


Ismuhu, silenced it would be Ismuh.


But it doesn't come at the end of the statement, so why does the voice shorten it? Shouldn't we expect to hear ismuhu?


Should the first word have a hamza?


no, ism has a "connected" hamza if you may, it sounds sharp if it comes at the beginning of the sentence, but if in the middle of it, it disappears: Ma Ismuhu, becomes Masmuhu (What is his name).


Thanks, AyyashElmot. Could you expand a bit? Does "connected hamza" have a name? Is it ever written? When you say "sounds sharp", is that the same as "has a glottal onset"? And when you say "in the middle of [a sentence] " isn't that only if it comes after a word ending in a vowel, like ما? If the preceding word ended in a consonant, would you then get a glottal onset? Knowing very little Arabic, I can't think of an example. Could you kindly give me an example? Thanks.


Hey look, I found a wikipedia entry for it :) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wasla

Just want to drive your attention to something, when you said "a word ending in a consonant", you know in Arabic all words get their vowel sound, long or short, there is a "silence diacritic" used in command verbs, but even that, if it meats a Hamzat Wasel (considered a silenced sound), we break the silence (literally that's what we call it) of the first word. So Wasel won't ever be preceded by a silent consonant. Hamzat wasel is what the "Al" uses (the). So you can imagine the magnitude of Wasel we use daily. Here is an exampe

Alkateb (the writer). Anta-lkateb (you are the writer). الكاتب. أنتَ الكاتب

Silenced example: Khuth (take). Khuth-i-lkitab (take the book) see the -i- thats breaking the silence.
خُذْ. خُذِ الكتاب.

This is really good: http://allthearabicyouneverlearnedthefirsttimearound.com/p1/p1-ch1/helping-vowels-and-the-elidable-hamza/


That is VERY helpful, thank you , AyyashElmota. And it makes sense of all the additional vowels I kept hearing in the audio of Duolingo sentences. That's great.

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