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Es versus Esta

I am level 14 Spanish but I am still having a hard time telling the difference between when to use "es" versus "esta". What is the actual difference?

4 years ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Ollie_P
Ollie_P
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Basically ser is used for things that are characteristic of something and estar is used for things that are temporary, but I'm sure you've already heard that.

This link may be helpful :) - http://spanish.about.com/cs/verbs/a/servsestar.htm. And there are other articles linked to on that page that could help you.

There are a few things that you just have to memorize which one uses ser and which one uses estar. For example, occupations use "ser". There's a list of those here: http://www.spanishdict.com/answers/100040/ser-vs.-estar

I'm not really sure where you're at with your understanding, so I may just be feeding you things you already know, but I sure hope this helps!

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BritBlue
BritBlue
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to add to Aubrey_P's lovely post you should try this site as well http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/serest1.htm I've found it really helpful :)

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Elgatobandido
Elgatobandido
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I found this site on learning when to use Ser and when to use Estar that is very helpful:
http://lake.k12.fl.us/Page/22391

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/The_wrighter
The_wrighter
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I've always found that estar is used for more temporary conditions and ser is more for identities. Like if you were to say "Estas bonita" then you'd mean that this person looked beautiful today, but if you said "eres bonita" you'd be saying "you're beautiful" like it's a characteristic of them. I could be wrong, as there are never hard and fast rules for any languages (yay irregulars) but I've found it's a good set of guidelines to use in most situations.

4 years ago