Any questions on Arabic? I can help !
hola I am nearly fluent in Arabic and would love to help others ! If anyone has any questions. Feel free to ask about letters, tashkeel or pronounciation! anything is good.! Your friend Boi_45
Just to notice... As English has a lot of handwritings, Arabic is same. The usual handwriting is "Al-naskh" and it is same for the printed. More popular handwritings "Al-roq3a" and "Al- thuluth" I think you will be excited to try to write like them.. I'll show you pictures, so see them in links. Happy to help anytime:)
If you want to see more, write their names in google, I'll write their Arabic names here:
خط النسخ "naskh" .
خط الرقعة "roq3a" .
خط الثلث "thluth" .
الخط الكوفي "kufi" .
الخط العثماني "othmani" .
I am new here as well - not far into the course so sorry if my questions are stupid. I'm a little confused right now. Two questions -the first is in the translation of words like ZUDA and MAAZA where in previous lessons I would have used an alif for the A and now it's a HA with two dots over top? Am I just not hearing the distinction in the sound? And secondly, in the word SHAASHA, now instead of the HA with two dots, it's the "leaning alif with circle attached and two dots. How do I distinguish which to use? The tips are not particularly helpful for me. And lastly (I guess I had three questions) in HUU2 the end letter is what I call a small letter "c" that sits on a ledge and yet the word 3ABAD has that same little "c" - again, I'm having trouble in when to use that symbol because it seems to be with a 2 word at the end and a 3 word at the beginning.
I don't have an Arabic keyboard - all I can tell you is that the word given ends in A and that I don't understand why it's a Ha (circle) or an Alif with the Ha attached and not just an Alif. It's alright if you can't answer. I beginning to think that this may not be the right program for me as there is so little explanation - and I don't expect I'll be able to just memorize everything without understanding why these symbols are being used. Someone else very helpfully explained the diacritics ("i" sound, "a" sound, "u" sound) and I've been able to see that when it's used and understand when and why they are used, but I'm really getting lost now. When I mentioned the "lower case c" I think it's the Ain but the shortened version with just the top part of the symbol being used. Maybe I'm just in over my head. I appreciate Duo, but a little more input would be helpful.
All I can say for you, there are important or main parts of Arabic, you should know before starting learning vocabs and phrases:
1- the alphabet: there are 28 letters in Arabic.
أ ب ت ث ج ح خ د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق ك ل م ن هـ و ي
2- the "vowels" or "symbols" that you find above or under the litter: every letter in Arabic has a sound this sound can be with "aa" or "ii" or "uu" or more, depends on what the symbol is on or under the letter. I'll give you a word to see them on or under the letters.
مِصْبَاحٌ this word pronounced "misbahun"
3- you have to know all the shapes of each letter: as you may know, to make a word you have to network some letters together, so every letter have more than shape, in beginning, in the middle, in the end. I'll give you the letter Jeem for example.
جـ "جالس" / ـجـ "مجموعة" / ـج "بنفسج
It is so easy when you start with basics.. Try to learn from Youtube until you feel comfortable with them, and you remember them faster than now.. Happy to help any time:)
Yes, thank you - I do have the alphabet page in front of me, and for your point #2 I understand the marks below and above (a, i, u) but I think it's the changing shapes that are giving me trouble (in your second example of Jeem the very last symbol (looks like a leaning Alif with a circle attached) seems to change to a Ha with 2 dots above at the end at other times (eg. shaasha and ja3a have the leaning one and shifaah and zuda have the circle and dots) so until I understand the reasoning behind it, I will be continually guessing. I want to continue but I'll have to put some more thought into it. Thanks for helping.
The last letter in مجموعة called "taa marbuta", it has 2 shapes, one if it networked with the previous letter ـة and if it's alone ة .
Also, there are 2 sounds for it.. Taa and Haa..
When you follow reading and don't stop on it, pronounce it T with its vowel like.. "This is a beautiful group collection"
hathihi majmu3atun jamilah هَذِهِ مَجْمُوعَةٌ جَمِيلَةٌ
in the word مَجْمُوعَةٌ you say majmu3atun, because you didn't stop at this word, you continue reading.
in the word جَمِيلَةٌ you better not say jamilatun, even it's the same, but if you stop at a "taa marbuta" you stop like a ha in "jamilah", because you stop talking or reading at this letter.. Stop doesn't mean you end reading and close the book or something like that.. It means that you stop even you'll continue reading..
Hope you got it "The case of the Taa marbuta":)
Ha is tricky one. The ha comes from the middle of the throat. Try putting your finger on the middle of your neck , and say 'ha' and 'A'. If you can feel your neck muscle thingy move up and down, you're on the right track. You can also try and try shouting 'ha ha ha' , like you're the bad guy. Make sure the sound come from the lower part of your throat.
I know how to say ha and explain , but I'm not sure how to explain it. I used this website for tips to tell you. Very helpful. It's on letters , where they come from and how to say them, here is the link : http://www.zaufishan.co.uk/2017/09/tajweed-throat-letters.html Hope this helps.
I dont know if this helps but you need to tighten your throat more than when you pronounce the english "h" sound and less than when youre pronouncing the "kh". Its pretty much the same as the j pronunciation in spanish but it takes some time to pick up just keep practicing and itll happen.
Many thanks for your offer. I like to ask if there are different keyboard systems of Arabic for computers. I activated them for my cellphone, Ipad and PC. I see Arab words on Duolingo and don't find the matching letters on the keyboard despite I even checked all possible combinations of the letters. What do I miss here? Thanks in advance for the answer.