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I have a question

Is latin like some other languages where the ending is different depending on if it is female or male?

February 5, 2020



yes, there are three genders: male, female and neuter. And five grammar cases: nominative, accusative, genitive, dative and ablative.


And vocative. It's used rarely, however.


Usually if your noun ends in "a" in the subject case, it is feminine. Masculines will often end in "us" in subject. Neuters, "um". There are exceptions, but if your noun are 1st or 2nd declension, this will usually work.


Better to say that adjectives obey the "rules" listed above: -a set for modifying feminine nouns, -us set for masculine nouns, -um set for neuter nouns.

But when it comes to nouns: realize that feminine nouns 'don't have to end in -a', for one thing (mater = mother; soror = sister; urbs = a city, fem. in Latin; etc.); and indeed some nouns that end in -a, if they refer to male human beings , are masculine: nauta = sailor; pirata = pirate; agricola = farmer; poeta = poet; Belga = a Belgian; and so on.

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