"I am angry."
Translation:Tha an fhearg orm.
I always mix up fearg with feòrag (I know the long ò should help but I simply forget which is which). Now, either word conjures up images of furious squirrels terrorising all the other woodland creatures and screaming obscene squeaks at people out for a walk. Mo chreach! Tha an fhearg air na feòragan! Tha an t-eagal mòr orm.
Can someone explain why "I am angry" is "Tha an fhearg orm", but "I hate you" is "Tha gràin agam ort." The anger is at me, rather than on me? is it because orm means something is within me, while agam means something is imposed on me? (not sure that explains my thinking . . . but . . .)
To break it down a little:
|is||the anger||on me|
Here, you're literally saying that 'the anger is on you'. Gaelic uses a Verb Subject Object sentence structure, so the verb (is ) comes first, followed by the subject of the sentence (the anger ), and then the object (me ).
English uses a Subject Verb Object sentence structure, so "the anger" comes first in the sentence:
|subject||verb||object (plus preposition )|
|the anger||is||on me|
With the second sentence, it looks a little confusing because it uses a slightly different construction. It's understandable to look at "Tha gràin agam ort" and assume it is the same construction as the above example, given it begins with tha and ends with a prepositional pronoun (ort rather than orm, in this case).
What actually appears here though is an example of the tha ... agam construction, meaning I have .... Looking at it like that, we can break down the first part of the sentence:
- Tha [rudeigin] agam. > I have [something].
- Tha gràin agam. > I have a hatred. (meaning: I hate. )
The ort at the end of the sentence "Tha gràin agam ort" serves the same purpose as the orm at the end of "Tha an fhearg orm" - it means on [someone]. In this instance, on you.
So if you break it down like so:
|subject + verb||object|
|tha gràin agam||ort|
|I have a hatred||on you|
...then you can see how the two sentences mean slightly different things, even if they look like they have the same construction :)