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Nouns in duolingo

Link : learning loom home | note: click on blue text for audio or links.

All Nouns up to clothing. Remember to click on the blue words to hear the nouns pronounced. This is produced to allow a quick reference when constructing sentences - as verbs and adjectives need to relate to the GENDER and number of the noun they relate to.
Also check out Nouns don't need to be nonsense

  • l'abeille / une abeille : the bee / a bee. Note the sound that ~ille makes. It is a very important sound :)

    • l'alcool : the alcohol,
      Je ne bois pas d'alcool : I don't drink alcohol
      Un petit alcool? : A shot of alcohol?
    • le animal : the animal
    • les animaux ♫ : the animals. Notice the changing arcticle AND the change to the ending ~aux.
    • l'araignée / une araignée : the spider / a spider. Note the ~ée, especially the " é ". This is the sound the e with this accent on it makes. It is well worth remembering this. It is called a l'accent aigu (m).
  • la baguette ♫ : the baguette

  • le café ♫ : the coffee. Note the "~ é " ♫. This is the sound the e with this accent on it makes. It is well worth remembering this. It is called a l'accent aigu ♫ . Also note that when a ' c ' is followed by a ' a ' or and ' o ', it says its hard ' k ' like sound. When it is followed by ' e ' , ' i ' or ' u ', or is 'ç', it says its soft ' s ' sound. This 'ç' is called la cédille ♫ .
    • le canard : the duck. Note that the hard "k" sound is used here, as the letter combination is "ca~".
    • la carotte : the carrot
    • le chat♫ / un chat : the cat / a cat ; Use this one also when the gender is unknown.
    • le chapeau : the hat
      les chapeax : the hats
    • la chaussette : the sock
      les chaussettes : the socks
    • la chaussure : the shoe
      les chaussures : the shoes
    • la chatte ♫ : the female cat. Notice the difference in sound between le chat and la chatte. Notice you hear soft ' t ' sound at the end for la chatte , and notice how the spelling is different.
    • la chemise : the shirt
    • le cheval ♫ : the horse
    • le chien ♫ : the dog
    • la chienne : the dog. Notice again the spelling change at the end, and how it sounds different to le chien, in that you hear a soft ' n ' and the end of la chienne.
    • la confiture : the jam
    • le costume : the suit (^1-see note below)
    • la crêpe : the crepe/pancake
    • la cuisine ♫ : the cooking
    • le cochon ♫ : the pig
  • le dauphin ♫ : the dolphin
    • l'éléphant ♫ / un éléphant : the elephant / an elephant
    • l'eau ♫ / une eau ♫ / de l'eau : the water, a water. (^1-see note below)
  • la fourmi : the ant, Note the sound ~i makes in french. (^1-see note below)
    • le fromage ♫ : the cheese. Note the ' g ' here says its soft sound, as it is followed by an 'e'. When a ' g ' is followed by an ' e ' , ' i ' , it says its soft sound.
    • la fraises : strawberries
    • le frite : the frys, the hot chips
  • le gant : the glove
    • le gâteau ♫ : the cake. Note here the ' g ' says its hard sound, as it is followed by an ' a '. When a ' g ' is followed by an ' a ' or and ' o ', it says its hard sound.
    • le garçon ♫/ un garçon : the boy / a boy
  • le haricots : bean
  • l'homme / un homme ♫ : the man / a man (^1-see note below)

  • le insecte : the insect (^1-see note below)

  • le jean : the jeans
  • le journal / un ♫ journal : the newspaper / a newspaper
  • la jupe : the skirt
  • le jus : the juice
  • le lait ♫ / du lait : the milk / some milk
    • le légumes (m) : vegitables
    • le livre / un livre : the book / a book
    • la lettre : the letter, note
    • le lion ♫ : the lion (^1-see note below)
    • le loup ♫ : the wolf
  • le manteau : the coat
    les manteaux : the coats

    • la mouche : the fly
    • le menu ♫ / un menu : the menu / a menu
    • le mot : word
    • le nom : name
  • l'œuf / un œuf ♫ / les œuf ♫ : the egg / an egg / the eggs

  • le pantalon : the pants

  • la recette : recipe

    • le repas ♫ : the meal
    • le raisin : the grapes, the grape (note le raisin can be plural)
    • le riz ♫ : the rice
    • la robe ♫ / une . robe ♫ : the dress / a dress
    • la rose : rose
    • le requin ♫ : the shark
  • le sac : the bag

    • le serpent ♫ : the snake
    • le singe ♫ : the money. Note: the "ge" combination makes the soft " j " sound. (^1-see note below)
    • la souris ♫ : the mouse (^1-see note below)
    • la salade ♫ : the salad
    • le sandwich ♫ : the sandwich
    • le sel ♫ : the salt
    • la soupe ♫ : the soup
    • le sucre ♫ : the sugar. This ' c ' is not followed by a ' e ' ' i ' or ' u ', so it says its hard ' k ' sound. (^1-see note below)
    • le thé ♫ : the tea. Note the "~ é " ♫, as mentioned above. Take note how it is different to how english say "tea". Also that "th" says "t". French do not have a "th" sound, as in the english word for " the ". Instead you use the consonant sound for " t "
    • la tortue ♫ : the tortoise, turtle
    • le tigre ♫ : the tiger (^1-see note below)
    • la tomate ♫ : the tomato
  • la veste : the jacket


Also it is well worth reading Noun genders in French .
(^1-See below for the note referred to above )
.Assume a noun is male except for:
Female RULE 1: if it ends in e AND IS NOT any of the male endings of:
- ~age, i.e. un barrage : a dam
- ~ble, i.e. un comptable : an accountant
- ~cle, i.e. un oncle : an uncle ; mon oncle : my uncle
- ~de, i.e. un hybride : a hybrid
- , i.e. le café : the coffee, the cafe.
- ~ège, i.e. un piège : a trap
- ~ste, i.e. un cycliste : a cyclist
- ~vre, i.e. le livre : a book, and le poivre : the pepper, and un cuivre : a copper.

Female RULE 2: for "~ion / ~son" endings - it is female if the endings are :
- ~ion, i.e.: une éducation :an education
- ~son, i.e.: une maison : a house
THUS, for the nouns referred above as ^1 - you need to remember them, as they do not follow these generalized rules.

July 9, 2014

1 Comment


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga

Noun genders in French is ia good thread by Remmy to check out - and comments by all sorts of people.

December 31, 2014
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