Nouns in duolingo
Link : learning loom home | note: click on blue text for audio or links.
All Nouns up to clothing. Remember to click on the blue words to hear the nouns pronounced. This is produced to allow a quick reference when constructing sentences - as verbs and adjectives need to relate to the GENDER and number of the noun they relate to.
Also check out Nouns don't need to be nonsense
l'abeille / une abeille : the bee / a bee. Note the sound that ~ille makes. It is a very important sound :)
- l'alcool : the alcohol,
Je ne bois pas d'alcool : I don't drink alcohol
Un petit alcool? : A shot of alcohol?
- le animal : the animal
- les animaux ♫ : the animals. Notice the changing arcticle AND the change to the ending ~aux.
- l'araignée / une araignée : the spider / a spider. Note the ~ée, especially the " é ". This is the sound the e with this accent on it makes. It is well worth remembering this. It is called a l'accent aigu (m).
- l'alcool : the alcohol,
la baguette ♫ : the baguette
- la baleine ♫ : the whale
- la banane / une banane ♫ : the banana
- le beurre ♫ : the butter (^1-see note below)
- la bière ♫ : the beer. Notice the ' è ' ♫ . This is l'accent grave (m). This ' è ' ♫ sound is important to remember.
- la boisson : the drink
- le bonbon / les bonbons : the candy-sweet-lolly / the candies-sweets-lollies
- la botte :the boot
les bottes : the boots
- le café ♫ : the coffee. Note the "~ é " ♫. This is the sound the e with this accent on it makes. It is well worth remembering this. It is called a l'accent aigu ♫ . Also note that when a ' c ' is followed by a ' a ' or and ' o ', it says its hard ' k ' like sound. When it is followed by ' e ' , ' i ' or ' u ', or is 'ç', it says its soft ' s ' sound. This 'ç' is called la cédille ♫ .
- le canard : the duck. Note that the hard "k" sound is used here, as the letter combination is "ca~".
- la carotte : the carrot
- le chat♫ / un chat : the cat / a cat ; Use this one also when the gender is unknown.
- le chapeau : the hat
les chapeax : the hats
- la chaussette : the sock
les chaussettes : the socks
- la chaussure : the shoe
les chaussures : the shoes
- la chatte ♫ : the female cat. Notice the difference in sound between le chat and la chatte. Notice you hear soft ' t ' sound at the end for la chatte , and notice how the spelling is different.
- la chemise : the shirt
- le cheval ♫ : the horse
- le chien ♫ : the dog
- la chienne : the dog. Notice again the spelling change at the end, and how it sounds different to le chien, in that you hear a soft ' n ' and the end of la chienne.
- la confiture : the jam
- le costume : the suit (^1-see note below)
- la crêpe : the crepe/pancake
- la cuisine ♫ : the cooking
- le cochon ♫ : the pig
- le dauphin ♫ : the dolphin
- la fourmi : the ant, Note the sound ~i makes in french. (^1-see note below)
- le fromage ♫ : the cheese. Note the ' g ' here says its soft sound, as it is followed by an 'e'. When a ' g ' is followed by an ' e ' , ' i ' , it says its soft sound.
- la fraises : strawberries
- le frite : the frys, the hot chips
- le gant : the glove
- le lait ♫ / du lait : the milk / some milk
le manteau : the coat
les manteaux : the coats
le pantalon : the pants
- le parapluie : the umbrella (^1-see note below)
- le papillon : the butterly. Note the sound ~illon makes.
- les pâtes (f) : pasta
- le pain ♫ : the bread
- [la poche] : pocket
- le poisson : fish
- le poivre ♫ : the pepper
- la pomme ♫ / une pomme ♫ : the apple / an apple
- le porc ♫ : the pig
- le poulet ♫ : the chicken
la recette : recipe
le sac : the bag
- le serpent ♫ : the snake
- le singe ♫ : the money. Note: the "ge" combination makes the soft " j " sound. (^1-see note below)
- la souris ♫ : the mouse (^1-see note below)
- la salade ♫ : the salad
- le sandwich ♫ : the sandwich
- le sel ♫ : the salt
- la soupe ♫ : the soup
- le sucre ♫ : the sugar. This ' c ' is not followed by a ' e ' ' i ' or ' u ', so it says its hard ' k ' sound. (^1-see note below)
- le thé ♫ : the tea. Note the "~ é " ♫, as mentioned above. Take note how it is different to how english say "tea". Also that "th" says "t". French do not have a "th" sound, as in the english word for " the ". Instead you use the consonant sound for " t "
- la tortue ♫ : the tortoise, turtle
- le tigre ♫ : the tiger (^1-see note below)
- la tomate ♫ : the tomato
la veste : the jacket
Also it is well worth reading Noun genders in French .
(^1-See below for the note referred to above )
.Assume a noun is male except for:
Female RULE 1: if it ends in
eAND IS NOT any of the male endings of:
- ~age, i.e. un barrage : a dam
- ~ble, i.e. un comptable : an accountant
- ~cle, i.e. un oncle : an uncle ; mon oncle : my uncle
- ~de, i.e. un hybride : a hybrid
- ~é, i.e. le café : the coffee, the cafe.
- ~ège, i.e. un piège : a trap
- ~ste, i.e. un cycliste : a cyclist
- ~vre, i.e. le livre : a book, and le poivre : the pepper, and un cuivre : a copper.
Female RULE 2: for "~ion / ~son" endings - it is female if the endings are :
- ~ion, i.e.: une éducation :an education
- ~son, i.e.: une maison : a house
THUS, for the nouns referred above as ^1 - you need to remember them, as they do not follow these generalized rules.